What do you need to disinfect cages for rabbits?
- 23 Aug 20:15
- Periodic disinfection of cells and surrounding objects
- The process of clearing cages of rabbits surrounding their space and inventory
- Measures of personal prevention
What to disinfect cages for rabbits? Many rabbits are worried about this problem.Absolute majority of losses of rabbit farms is directly related to the most diverse rabies diseases both in the form of epidemics and in the form of individual diseases. These troubles are provoked by the most diverse pathogens, most of which find a cozy shelter and excellent conditions for breeding in rabbit cages.
Patients with rabbits can not be fully cured without careful cleaning and disinfection of their home. Otherwise, the disease will come back again and again, causing irreparable harm to the rabbits. One of the rabbit-borne diseases is the myxomatosis virus, despite the fact that it is more common in wild rabbits and hares.
Periodic disinfection of cells and surrounding objects
Disinfection of rabbit dwellings is of great importance both at large rabbits breeding companies and in small private farms.
Disinfection work is required to provide for the timing and methods of processing as the premises where rabbits are kept, as well as equipment, inventory and even overalls. Not least, for all these elements, it is necessary to provide the necessary amount of special means that will help to ensure high-quality disinfection of the planned premises.
This need should be deduced from the number of planned disinfection facilities, their area and quantities. When planning, do not forget about the size of the floor, ceilings and walls of the room where the cells are located. It should be taken into account and adjacent to the cells of the territory. Before disinfection care will not interfere with the careful cleaning of cells from the products of life of rabbits and inventory, which will significantly reduce the cost of disinfectant.
Every month it is recommended to organize a sanitary day when general cleaning of all controlled rooms will be carried out. All places that require cleaning are washed with hot water at temperatures not lower than seventy degrees. As an option, for this purpose you can use a 1.5-2% solution of soda ash. After this procedure you can start disinfection.
Disinfection of cages for rabbits should be carried out in the absence of animals.
When cleaning, the temperature features of the season should be taken into account: in a warm season, a spray stream will cope with the task, and it should be more intense in the cold. To make the metal parts of the cell less rusted, 2% sodium methosilicate, more commonly known as liquid glass, is practiced in the disinfectant.
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The process of clearing cages of rabbits, their surroundings and inventory
What to process cells? To facilitate the procedure of clearing cells, contaminated sites pre-moistened abundantly with hot water or a weak hot solution of soda ash. Smooth mud can be shot down with a jet of water. If necessary, resort to the help of brooms and scrapers. If rabbit cells are equipped with a metal grid, its pollution is removed by a gas burner or a soldering lamp.
The regularity of the current disinfection varies depending on the functional purpose of the objects:
These procedures are carried out by one of the following disinfecting solutions:
- 1% solution of formaldehyde;
- 2% hot solution of sodium hydroxide;
- 2% solution of chlorine lime;
- 2% hot xylon oil emulsion.
High efficiency shows disinfection with formaldehyde aerosols. Such processing is possible at a temperature not less than 15 degrees higher than zero and the relative humidity of air is not higher than 60%.The dry air should be pre-moistened with dilute solution, which will be used later.
An important role in decontamination plays a role after disinfection. After treatment, it is necessary to carefully ventilate the cells, to remove water and disinfectant residues, to methodically wipe dry cell surface. After the odor of disinfectant disappears, the rabbits can be placed in the cage.
The places where the animals are slaughtered are disinfected daily after the work is completed. The processing is subject to all the equipment.
Particular attention should be paid to overalls of people serving the cells. It should be processed at least once a week, and the treatment should be carried out each time the employee goes to work with a new group of wards. To disinfect clothing, it is used to soak in disinfectant solutions or boiling for half an hour.
Special firecrackers are used at enterprises. Shoes are handled at each entrance and exit from the room with rabbits. To do this at the entrance should provide a capacity for disinfectant solution. To prepare the solution use either 2% solution of sodium hydroxide, or a solution of hypochlor.
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Equipment for cell care is decontaminated by boiling in water for half an hour or by immersion in one of the above disinfectant solutions. A special way is to process the life of rabbits and litter from their cells. To this end, carry out the so-called "biothermal" decontamination.
For this purpose, a special settling tank was equipped at a distance of not less than two hundred meters from the farm, where the rabbits are kept, waste residues are stored there, and they fall asleep with lime.
Whatever the rabbits of the disease, after the quarantined period, further actions should be accompanied by full-scale decontamination of all cells and equipment. The treated cells are pre-purified as described above and treated with a solution of 1.5-2% of soda ash. It is allowed to use 0.5% sodium hydroxide solution.
Personal Preventive Measures The Disinfection Procedures Performer is required to strictly observe all precautionary measures when dealing with chemicals. It is obligatory to perform all types of work in overalls in accordance with the norms describing similar procedures. When using agents that have an irritating effect on the eyes and respiratory system, it is necessary to use safety glasses and a respirator.
Aerosol disinfection is allowed only in a gas mask. At hand, there should be solution-neutralizers of substances used for disinfection.
The vast majority of pathogenic microorganisms that cause disease and mass death of rabbits, has an impressive viability. They are able to manifest within a few months from the time the cell is infected. Moreover, once transmitted by rabbits, the disease may reappear even after the complete replacement of the cell's inhabitants, so proper disrespect should be treated with disinfection, since it is much more difficult to cure a rabbit and, more importantly, under the current circumstances, is more expensive than proper prevention and disinfection.