Candidiasis of the cavity of the mouth - symptoms, causes, treatment, photos
- 17 Jun 09:30
- Disease Of The Skin
Candidiasis( or, as the people say, thrush) oral cavity is a fungal disease. It is called yeast microorganisms, which are normally present on mucous healthy people. When testing a fungus from the Candida family, it appears on the mucousin about 80% of the population. At the same time, most of the carriers are healthy, they do not notice any of the slightest signs of the disease.
The oral cavity milk often develops in infants, approximately one fifth of infants under the age of one are infected with this disease. However, candidiasis can develop in adults, most often in the elderly who use dentures.
Important! Candidiasis, which affects the oral cavity, is more common in women, especially those who smoke.
The increase in the number of patients recently doctors explain the uncontrolled, and often unreasonable intake of antibiotics.
- 1 cause of disease
- 2 Clinical
- 2.1 Acute pseudomembranous type
- 2.2 Acute atrophic type
- 2.3 Chronic hyperplastic type
- 2.4 chronic atrophic form
- 3 Diagnostic Techniques
- 4 Treatment
- 4.1 Treatment folk remedies
- 5 Prediction and prevention
Causes mucosal mucus Candida is a single-celled microorganism. To date, about 150 varieties of this fungus are known, and about two dozen of them can provoke the development of candidiasis.
Mushrooms of the oral cavity live on the mucous membranes, in the channels of caries damaged by the teeth, on the tonsils. Under normal conditions, their presence is not dangerous, but when favorable conditions occur, fungi begin to actively multiply, and develop candidiasis.
Fungal activation and development of the thrush are triggered by the following factors:
Important! Candidiasis, which affects the oral mucosa, is an infectious disease. Catch a fungal infection can be done using common dishes, kisses, etc. You can infect a thrush on contact with animals. You can find more about the ways that the thrush is transmitted elsewhere here.
Clinical picture of
Symptoms and manifestations of candidiasis are diverse, the clinical picture of the thrush depends on the age of the patient, the state of immunity, the presence of concomitant diseases.
Allocate an acute and chronic form of candidiasis. In acute form, the disease occurs as a pseudomembranous or as atrophic type of candidiasis. In a chronic course, two forms of candidiasis - hyperplastic or atrophic.
Acute pseudomembranous type
This form of the mucosal mucous membrane of the oral cavity is noted more often than others. In children, this form of the thrush is relatively easy, in adults - it is often a symptom of some kind of general illness.
When pseudomembranous form of the disease, mucous membranes that cover the cheeks, lips, and tongue are affected. Mucous membranes become dry, hyperemic. On the background of reddened mucous membranes there appears whitish plaque, which looks like a cheese. At the first stage of the disease, this plaque can be easily removed, under it you can observe a smooth, reddened, slightly swollen surface.
Worth to know! In the absence of the treatment of thrush, the plaque is sealed, it becomes difficult to separate from the mucous membrane. When removing plaque an erosive surface opens.
Patients with this form of thrush experience pain and burning in the mouth, which is aggravated during meals.
Acute atrophic type
This form of candidiasis is heavier. The disease is manifested by severe burning, painful sensations, feeling of dryness in the mouth. Mucous membranes acquire a bright red color, become dry, in the tongue atrophy the filiform papillae, its surface becomes smooth.
There is no plaque in atrophic candidiasis at all or visible only at the depth of the folds. The charge is bad. The general condition of patients with atrophic form of candidiasis does not suffer.
Chronic hyperplastic type
In this form of candidiasis, the appearance of a hyperemic mucous membrane of a thick layer of plaque, which is formed in the form of plaques and nodes, is characterized. As a rule, plaque is concentrated in the sky and language.
With prolonged course of the disease, the plaque is thickened, becoming yellow-gray films. The plaque is removed with difficulty, under it there is an erosive, bleeding surface.
Patients with hyperplastic candidiasis complain of burning sensation in the mouth, dryness of the mucous membranes. And in the presence of open erosion - a significant pain.
Chronic Atrophic Form
This form of candidiasis is manifested by pain, dryness in the mouth, burning sensation. In most cases, the atrophic type of candidiasis develops in persons carrying dentures, so the sites of the lesion are under the dentures. Often the disease proceeds in a complex with mycotic zade and candidiasis glossitis.
Diagnosis of Candidiasis, an impressive oral cavity, is performed on the study of the clinical picture of a patient's illness and complaints. In addition, laboratory tests are necessary to detect fungi. As a rule, scratches from the mucous membranes, tongue and dentures are taken for analysis. With candidiasis, a large amount of Candida fungi will be found in the scissors.
Additionally, patients with candidiasis are referred to a blood test for the content of sugar, an overview of the skin and nails. Patients with candidiasis can be referred for examination to the endocrinologist, gynecologist, dentist.
Common and local treatments for the treatment of candidiasis, the inflammatory oral cavity. The general treatment is the administration of antifungal systemic agents that kill fungi that live not only on the mucous membranes, but also in other organs of the body.
Systemic drugs for the treatment of candidiasis are divided into imidazoles and polyene antibiotics.
The last group includes drugs such as levorin or nystatin in pills. When defeating the mucous membrane of the mouth, the pills recommend not to swallow, but to absorb it, this will increase their effect. If after five days of application of the mentioned preparation does not improve, appointment of Amfoglucamine in tablets or Amphotericin B is administered intravenously.
To the group of imidazoles include such agents as clotrimazole, miconazole, econazole. Scheme of treatment with these drugs is selected individually.
Also, preparations for the treatment of candidiasis may be prescribed in which the active ingredient is fluconazole.
It is obligatory and is intended to strengthen the treatment, taking vitamins of groups C, PP, B, calcium gluconate, iron preparations. To prevent the development of allergic reactions, prescribe the use of antihistamines.
For local treatment of oral candidiasis, use:
- aniline dyes - a solution of fucocin, methylene blue;
- for applications for candidiasis in the mouth use drugs containing iodine solution Lugol, Yoditsirin;
- for candidiasis resorption is prescribed as Lizac or Lyosocim tablets;
- for rinsing the mouth with candidiasis is recommended to use a 2% solution of sodium tetraborate( borax), a solution of iodinol in water, a 2% solution of boric acid.
Must be sanitized by oral cavity. It is necessary to cure cariogenic teeth, to undergo gum treatment, to pick up appropriate dentures, to learn how to care for them properly, etc.
For successful oral candidiasis treatment, a diet must be carefully observed. With candidiasis, it is better to exclude the use of sweets, products containing yeast in a while. It is necessary to limit the use of sour and spicy foods that irritate the mucous membranes affected by candidiasis.
During the illness, it is recommended to use semi-liquid, as it is warmly guarded. To follow the diet is necessary all the time to treat candidiasis, as well as another 5-8 months after recovery, expanding at this stage a list of authorized products.
Treatment with folk remedies
In the treatment of the throat in the mouth, in addition to the main treatment, you can use folk recipes:
Prognosis and prevention of
Prevention of developing candidiasis in the oral cavity is as follows:
- requires proper care of the oral cavity;
- regularly visits the dentist for preventive examinations and treatment;
- smoking cessation;
- to take measures aimed at strengthening immunity.
Prognosis for oral candidiasis is favorable. It should be understood that candidiasis is a serious disease, which, in the absence of treatment, can pass from the oral cavity to other organs - mucous glands, lungs, etc. In order to prevent the development of severe systemic candidiasis, it is necessary to seek medical advice at the first signs of oral cavityand carefully carry out all the advice given to specialists: adhere to the rules of hygiene and diet.