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Rabbits

How to kill a rabbit correctly?

Contents: [hide]

  • Process Features
  • Definition of slaughter time
  • Necessary adjustments
  • Methods of rabbit slaughter
  • Treatment of rabbit carcasses
  • Animal carcasses redistribution
  • Treatment of rabbit carcasses

The question is how to kill a rabbit at home and correctly handle it, although

soundsIt is strange, but it is very important when breeding animals in its own subsidiary farm. After all, simply killing a rabbit is not an end in itself. The rabbits must be slaughtered correctly, without barbarism, and they must be processed in such a way as not to damage the skin, and the meat should have the best appearance.

How to kill a rabbit correctly?

It is important to climb rabbits correctly in order not to damage the skin, but the meat would have the best appearance.

Process Features

Rabbits are extremely rarely contained with decorative purpose. When the time expires, the animal is slaughtered to produce useful dietary and fur skins. In this regard, the question of how to kill the rabbit correctly, provides the following tasks: instantaneous painless killing of the animal, the exclusion of damage to the carcass and peel, the correct outflow of blood. The process involves the following steps: animal preparation, direct slaughter, whining and dressing.

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Definition of slaughter time

How to kill a rabbit correctly?

The term of slaughter of rabbits is established taking into account the purpose of their breeding.

The term of slaughter of rabbits is established taking into account the purpose of their breeding. If the animals are exclusively intended for meat, the average age of an individual that can be scored is 4.5 months. Typically, a simple schedule is used: rabbits of the annual brood go to meat after November 20, and are born, for example, in December - from March 20 to April 30.

Another thing, when the interest is represented by the animal beast. In this regard, it is important to wait for the period of molting. Skins of optimal quality will come in the period of November - the beginning of March, with the rabbit should pass the age-old lynx( 7-9 months).In most animals, the process of changing the hair can be traced to change the color of the skin. If the process is completed, then the skin under the wool darkens - the presence of individual dark spots indicates incomplete molting. In general, the change in hair proceeds symmetrically, starting from the back and ending on the hips. The ending of the formation of a new coat can be installed by holding a hand on it. The readiness of the animal to slaughter occurs when the hairs on the fingers of the foot will not appear.

A veterinary check of a rabbit for the absence of a disease is a prerequisite for preparing for meat production. It is recommended that animals should not be fed during the period of 11-14 hours before slaughter, which is necessary for cleaning the gastrointestinal system.

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Necessary adjustments

How to kill a rabbit correctly?

With a strong hit, the death of the animal comes instantaneously.

At the slaughter and treatment of a rabbit at home, the following devices and tools are used with their own hands:

  • stick-bit for slaughter;
  • hammer;
  • set of knives;
  • coupler;
  • skins;
  • frame for drying skins;
  • containers for meat and water;
  • rags.

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Methods of slaughter of rabbits

With a strong, ruptured stomach, the death of the animal comes almost instantaneously, as evidenced by the appearance of blood from the ears.

How to kill a rabbit correctly?

Removing the rabbit skins.

There are several ways to quickly kill rabbits. The most common variant of slaughter at home is a mechanical method using a rather heavy stick( bits).To do this, calmly, without scaring the animal, you need to firmly take it behind your hind legs and raise it in front of you in your left hand. In just a few seconds, the rabbit calms down, and at this moment it is necessary to strike a strong hand with a right hand in the occipital area above the ears. Before such a procedure it is recommended to train the accuracy and force of impact. Training can be done, for example, on apricot kernels.

Right after the slaughter, the rabbit hangs upside down.

There are other ways to slaughter rabbits on their own. To kill an animal can be hammered or hit by a sharp edge of the palm around the neck or on the forehead in the middle between the eyes and ears. Another used method is neck curl. In this case, the left hand holds the body of the rabbit, and the right arm covers the area from the nape to the chin. The desired effect is achieved by sharp turning of the head with the right hand. Quite humane, it's possible to recognize the electrical method - an application in the temporal region of an electric current of at least 6-10 A for 3-5 s, but it at home is very rarely used because of the increased risk of human damage.

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Treatment of rabbit carcasses

How to kill a rabbit correctly?

Figure 1. Rabbit rake treatment: 1 - metal tube;2 - hook for hanging;3 - nuts;4 - hooks with sharpened ends.

After the death of a rabbit, first of all, it is necessary to properly drain the blood mass. Primary processing is carried out on a boiler suspended on a special appliance - a crucifix. It is a kind of hanger from a steel tube with a hook in the center for hanging and hooks on the edges for fixing the carcass( Fig. 1).The central hook is executed on the carving for the possibility of turning the device( Fig. 1, a rake breaker).

On the hind paws of the rabbit along the Achilles tendon, cuts are made, where the lateral hooks of the crucifixes are fixed. The carcass in this form has the form of a head crying down, which makes it possible to carry out various manipulations with it. To ensure rapid leakage of blood, the jugular veins are cut at the neck under the jaw, with the head sticking to the ears to exclude the damage to the skin, the blood flows to the complete cessation of convulsions. After that, the carcass remains in a suspended state for 8-10 minutes for complete drainage of the blood mass.

Primary processing is completed by cutting the paws to the wrist joint and the ears completely to the very bottom. With a coat removes all contamination and drops of blood, and the drooping zone thoroughly cleaves.

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Pollination of animal carcasses

Treatment of rabbits involves such an important stage as carbohydrate whitening, that is, the removal of skins from it. This process begins with a circular incision in the area of ​​the joints of the paws, after which the skin is pulled from the paws. The next step is a branch of the skin in the inguinal area. To do this, she hands evenly extends from the muscle tissues on the chest and abdomen to the front paws, where it is neatly cut and separated from the carcass in the direction of the head. After separating the skins from the head, where the knife comes in, it is completely removed.

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Separated peel needs to be quickly cleaned, removing fat, muscle tufts, sticking small meat residues. After cleaning, she is put on special fur coat inside. Such preparation is made of dry birch or lime in the form of a blotch with a diameter of 13-16 cm and a height of 85-110 cm. It produces a final removal of fat with the help of a specialized knife and rubbing a cloth. Further processing of the skins is drying, which is produced in a dry room, with the distance between the skins should be not less than 12-13 cm, and they should not be located closer than 1.8-2.2 meters from the source of heat. The temperature during drying is maintained within 22-34 ºС.

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Treatment of rabbit carcasses

The final rabbit carcass treatment is performed after the removal of the skin. This is a very responsible stage, because it ensures the quality of the meat produced. For the treatment sharply sharpened knives of a specific shape are used, but you can use the usual sharp knife. The first step is to make a small incision in the inguinal area, so that the intestine and gall bladder do not touch. Their damage can spoil the quality of the meat.

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The next step is to carefully cut the cartilage connector, and its final separation is best done by hand. Then the inguinal incision continues to the chest( with the other hand, it is necessary to support the intestines to exclude their falling out).Bladder and genital organs are removed, and then the intestine, stomach, esophagus and trachea. These parts are not used in food. The next movement separates the lungs, liver and heart. When treating the liver, care must be taken not to damage the gall bladder. The treatment of the rabbit ends with cutting off the head at the level of the first cervical vertebra.

When planning the organization of its own rabbit farm, it is recommended to immediately decide on where and how the slaughter and disassembly of animals will be carried out. These procedures can be carried out with your own hands, if allowed psychological training.