- 17 Jun 05:45
- Tservikohennaya neuralgia occipital nerve
- Pathology autonomic ganglion in the cranial cavity
- chronic paroxysmal hemikraniya
- Cluster headache
- Subarachnoid hemorrhage
- Hemorrhage in the cerebellum
- Like looking for the cause of pain
Sharp painhead can start for different reasons - stress, strain, fatigue can make you aware at any time. But there are still various diseases that for a long time are in the latent phase, and then begin to manifest in full force.
Cerebrovascular neuralgia of the occipital nerve
Most often, pain appears due to a disdainful attitude to their health and failure to observe some simple rules. A poor posture, an uncomfortable position during work, working with a tilting head or huddled, a dream on a mischievous cushion - all this causes pain called cervicogenic neuralgia of the occipital nerve. In this case, the neck, neck, and the limb hurt, sometimes the pain reaches to the forehead and the temples, turns into an umbilical cord.
The deepest cause of discomfort in this case is the problem with the spine. Injuries and poor posture, malnutrition make the cervical spine unstable or contribute to the development of various forms in this area. That is, osteochondrosis and vertebral artery syndrome are to blame. For a long time, the patient can not bother, but a sudden stress, stress, or overcooling can cause serious exacerbations. The blood vessels and nerves are squeezed, the brain's nutrition worsens, pain comes on.
Sometimes when a cervicogenic neuralgia can occur, a so-called blow-up occurs - if you sharply turn your head to another side of the disease, there will be a sharp pain in the neck and neck. It can be transmitted to the temple and eyes, sometimes even causing tears. In order not to make a chronic form of this disease, it is worth the first symptoms to see a doctor.
By the way, about the symptoms. In addition to direct pain, with the disease possible appearance of nausea, dizziness, ringing in the ears or their laying, various visual disturbances and "com" in the throat. Weakness and pressure jumps are also included in this list. The doctor may prescribe MRI or Doppler to confirm the disease. Treatment is done both medicamentally and with the help of therapy:
- Dry extraction;
Pathology of autonomic nerve nodes in the cranial cavity
A sharp neck and facial muscle pain can be caused by the pathology of autonomic nerve nodes in the cranial cavity. Sudden deep pain is very strong, given to whiskey and eyes. The reason for these unpleasant sensations is almost always the inflammation and tumors of the brain - almost always benign, intoxication when using harmful substances and the development of infection.
Pain appears on the attack - it's worth touching a certain area on the face, as a person as if burning or striking a pain pulse. It is very difficult for a physician to diagnose the inflammatory process because of the fact that the true source of pain spreads it to all the surrounding areas or hides somewhere in the hard-to-determine "depths" of the brain.
It is impossible to delay the appeal for medical help with such pain - in addition to the unpleasant sensations, there may be a process of tumor enlargement that will not only cause pain, but also seriously damage the functions of the body.
Chronic paroxysmal hemicrania
Gemicranium is most often confused with migraine. What is the difference? Migraine or migraine neuralgia lasts for several hours or days, without interruption. Often accompanied by "aura" - characteristic accompanying symptoms that begin before the onset of an attack. Gemikraniya same appears attacks - up to two dozen headaches per day, in case of running cases - more and more intense.
Chronic paroxysmal hemicrania is exacerbated in the off-season, attacks are most common at night. It is treated with non-steroidal anesthetics and anti-inflammatory drugs, for example, indomethacin. Moreover, doctors often on the successful treatment of this drug distinguish neuralgia from hemicrania.
Prenatal hemangiasis is most commonly a woman - up to 85% of patients belong to the beautiful sex.
Major Pain And Muscle Tension In Headaches.
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Harris's migraineous neuralgia, otherwise called cluster pain, is an example of one of the most intense symptoms among headaches. By force and frequency there is little that can compare with this diagnosis.
Unlike gemicrania, almost all( about 90% of patients) are affected by cluster pain - young and middle-aged men. Attacks can be both individual and serial, following one after another. Without any apparent reason, they begin at any moment, but most often at night.
This is very strong burning pain with a feeling of disassembly and spread. Appears in the temple with a transition to the neck and half of the head or close to the eye, extending to the whole face. The most frequent localization of pain is the eye itself, due to which the strongest pain is accompanied by abundant tears, redness of the skin and mucous membranes. It seems to the patient that the eye leans out of the eye.
On the side of the attack also looks unappealing - half-face reddened, strong nasal congestion and swelling, red irritated eyes. The patient feels a severe headache that prevents him from staying in place, he may inappropriately perceive the surrounding reality, moan and scream, refuse to help.
Most attacks occur in the off-season and are provoked by the intake of alcoholic beverages or drugs containing alcohol.
Heat and burning in the head, headache with a transition to the back or eyes, sometimes nausea and vomiting are all symptoms of subarachnoid hemorrhage. The reason for his appearance in the ruptures of vascular aneurysms, due to what their shape changes, and the patient begins to feel discomfort. Why does it break up to form "bags"?Hypertension, atherosclerosis, vasculitis, and even bad habits - all of this affects the health of blood vessels.
Most surprisingly, a hemorrhage can not manifest itself immediately, but only from the presence of stimuli - psycho-emotional stress, stress, head injuries.
Symptoms of this hemorrhage are extremely unpleasant sensations of a head impact or even that of a hot fluid pouring on the head, burning the head. The first seconds of pain focuses on the place where the gap occurred, and then begins to spread. Multiple vomiting, a leap of pressure, compresses and burning pain - very disturbing symptoms that require immediate medical attention.
Cerebral hemorrhage Inexperienced pain is sometimes a symptom of a less dangerous situation - cerebellar hemorrhage. In addition to pain, the patient can not navigate in space, he has a very dizzy head, coordination of movements is weakened or broken, there are problems with speech. Sometimes it is accompanied by nausea and vomiting, weakness, tight movements of the eyes from side to side. The pain itself is so strong that it can make the patient shout.
Looking for the cause of pain
Understanding where the pain came from is symptomatic, but the doctor should also be guided by medical research. These include:
- Blood test - can detect intoxication;
- X-ray - Detection of bone and cartilage tumors, injuries and their consequences;
- MRI - detection of neoplasms and inflammations, hemorrhages;
- Electroencephalography - detection of neoplasms and inflammations, hemorrhages;
- Ophthalmic examination - to find out intracranial pressure.