What to do when a rabbit is constipated?
- 19 Aug 23:15
- Key causes of constipation in rabbits
- Symptoms of constipation in rabbits
- Methods of treating constipation in rabbits
When there is a rabies constipation, what to do with this problem? Not all breeders know about it. Actually constipation in rabbits often causesto cause death of animals. A similar problem can be observed both in decorative rabbits, and in agricultural varieties, and the reasons for the development of such a state quite a lot. When the first signs of constipation appear in rabbits, it is very important to provide them with the first necessary help, as well as to find out what could be the cause of the problem.
In some cases, a visit to a veterinarian will be inevitable, as sometimes such a violation of the digestive tract is a consequence of changes in the intestinal microflora, as well as the formation of stones in the bile ducts, which in the future can lead to harmful effects on the animal. When rabbits develop a constipation, it is very important to determine the problem in a timely manner, since the symptoms that are not always present are obvious to the owners of the animals, so often the problem is detected after the inmate's death.
The main causes of constipation in rabbits
Most rabbit species are pretty picky in terms of animal content, so the smallest changes can not affect their health in the best way. All causes of the development of constipation in rabbits can be divided into infectious and non-infectious. The most common infectious cause of constipation is the reproduction in the intestines of clostridia animals, which are distant relatives of organisms causing botulism and tetanus.
In most cases, a sharp increase in the number of clostridia in the intestines of the rabbit leads to significant gas formation and disturbance of intestinal motility. In addition, the reproduction of these microorganisms leads to a violation of the liver due to severe intoxication, so the rabbits are experiencing significant pain and, as a rule, die in short periods.
Non-infectious causes of the development of constipation in rabbits are more diverse. Often, such a violation of the intestines in animals is associated with a sharp change in the type of feed. In addition, the reason for the delay in the feces withdrawal can be observed against the background of feeding rabbits irrelevant feeds, accumulation of gases in the intestine and even swallowing foreign objects.
Proper nutrition is an integral part of maintaining the health of an animal, therefore, with constipation may develop constipation in the absence of vegetable fats. Another common cause of constipation is the dehydration of the body. Lack of movement can lead to a violation of the excretion of feces in rabbits.
In rare cases, provoking constipation in rabbits may result in severe stress experienced by the animal or inappropriate temperature regimen. Among other things, the cause of constipation in rabbits can be swallowed wool. The wool is not digested by the rabbit's stomach, so in the short term it can form a breast, supplemented with saliva and food that can kill the intestine. In this case, it will be very difficult to help the animal.
Rabbit Constipation Symptoms In some cases, animal owners detect fecal stomach imbalance in animals when doing something too late. In reality, it is often difficult to recognize a constipation in a rabbit, if you do not keep an eye on the animal constantly, because only in this case, different deviations in his behavior may be noted. The pathogenesis of the development of constipation in rabbits may be different depending on the causes of the pathology. For constipation of infectious nature, the appearance of symptoms such as:
- alternating diarrhea with constipation;
- appearance of mucus in feces;
- lack of appetite;
- is restless or, conversely, sluggish behavior.
In the event of the appearance of such symptoms should immediately apply to vetchlinics, as helping the animal at home without the necessary drugs is extremely difficult. Infectious lesion can lead to rapid intoxication of the rabbit's body and its death.
Constipation of non-infectious nature in rabbits is less dangerous, but it is difficult to detect such a problem at an early stage. First, they may not have a clear discomfort from the difficulty of removing feces. At the initial stage of the disease, an appetite may be maintained in the animal. As a rule, after 10-12 hours there is a significant decrease in appetite, as well as restless behavior. Then comes the stage of rapid deterioration of the state. The
Rabbit at this time begins to look sluggish, his tummy growled loudly, his back bent. In addition, there is a pain syndrome that causes the rabbit to squeak with teeth. Eyes can warp. If the symptoms are expressed very clearly, it is urgent to consult a physician or deliver the animal to the veterinary clinic in order to prevent death.
Contents Treatment of constipation in rabbits
At home, you can try to help the rabbit only if the process of development of constipation is at an initial stage. First, the rabbit should be given access to water. If the animal does not drink on its own, it is necessary to inject it forcefully using an insulin syringe without a needle. It is very important that in an hour he drank not less than 20-30 ml of water. A normal small abdominal massage may work to help the intestine. After the massage, you must give the animal a run, as the movement promotes the rapid withdrawal of feces.
Despite the fact that most drugs intended for people who are dangerous to rabbits, you can still add activated charcoal to water at the rate of 1 tablet per 10 kg of live weight. If possible, give the animal about 5 ml of vaseline or linseed oil, after which it is necessary to rub the stomach again with circular movements, and then give a stroll. This amount of oil can be given every 3 hours. In case if within 1-2 hours the withdrawal of feces has not begun, you can give the animal a warm broth of truffle with chamomile.
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This tool enhances intestinal motility in rabbits that promote fecal excretion. In severe cases, a prick is required in the fork of a nose spray solution. In addition, once a day the physical solution in the amount of 20 ml creep. The use of regulaxa, curekula or dexamethasone is shown.
In the case of infectious nature of the constipation, the necessary measure is the injection of tetracycline antibiotics.
As a rule, the appearance of appetite may indicate an improvement in the condition of an animal. It is best to give the rabbit, who began to eat vegetables and green granules. In addition, it has a beneficial effect on the work of the intestine freshly squeezed pineapple juice( enough 1-2 spoons).It is necessary to ensure that the rabbit always has clean water.
Self-treatment of animals from constipation is only possible if it is not possible to take the animal to a doctor, for example, if the symptoms were detected at night when the venipuncture is closed. Even if the rabbit is better after the measures taken, it should be possible to show his doctor if possible. In the ventricle, auscultation of the animal's abdomen and its palpation are carried out. In addition, an X-ray can be carried out to determine the accumulation of gases and fecal masses. After a comprehensive review, the doctor will prescribe treatment and determine the optimal diet and diet for the diseased animal.