Skin diseases and their treatment in rabbits
- 18 Aug 23:30
- Causes of defects in the covering tissues in domesticated animals
- Eczema in young individuals
- Dermatitis: how to cope with the disease?
- Furunculus is a dangerous complication after the
- septic process What is the rabbit furunculosis?
- Correct treatment of burns in rabbits
- Frostbite and its treatment in rabbits
One of the distinguishing features of keeping pets is the fact that skin diseases in rabbits result in deterioration of their health and the loss of all wool.
Causes of skin defects in domestic animals
Infectious diseases of the skin in ear infants occur as a result of infection with fungi spreading over the entire animal cover.
Pathogenic microorganisms affect rabbits, which are kept in violation of sanitary and hygiene requirements. The infection spreads very quickly, if the young individuals are found in tightness, on a dirty floor, which is an excellent nutrient for the development of microorganisms. Unfortunately, the infection is often transmitted from the patient to the animal.
The provocative factors that cause the appearance of skin defects are:
- conflict situations of individual animals with other animals;
- increase the noise background;
- malnutrition of rabbits;
- hormonal disorders;
- related illnesses.
Often rabbits are infected with hairworms, lice, fleas and ticks. The sick animal detects parasites placed on the wool, and the rabbit begins to torment unbearable itching. In places of bites dense nodules or blood-red swelling are formed.
Back to Table of Contents
Eczema in Young Species
As a result of the influence of various allergic factors in ear infants, inflammation of the skin occurs. Causes of eczema are diverse:
- effects of chemical stimuli;
- friction of the animal about the rods of the cage;
- infection with scabies.
Animals are concerned about the appearance on the skin of areas with a wet surface, covered with scabs, weight loss, poor overall well-being.
It is not necessary to treat a home-grown person independently - at the first signs of illness it is necessary to seek advice from a veterinarian. The physician's advice eliminates the stimulus that caused the appearance of eczema. Having found the cause, they are used to treat ointment with hormones, a solution of brilliant green, and drying the stock with zinc and xerophore.
For skin diseases in rabbits is characterized by the appearance of a yellow crust on the back, if the wool is located mite. Exemptive rashes can occur on the muzzle of the animal.
In the ears of a rabbit, eczema often appears in the form of a crust. The disease is well treated, and regular visits by home pupils prevent the onset of an illness.
Back to Contents
Dermatitis: How To Cope With Disease?
Tangible animal suffering from ulcers and fistulas on the lower extremities. Pododermaty occurs in rabbits with excess body weight, and individuals over the age of 3 months.
The emergence of the disease is associated with poor retention of pupils, violation of sanitary norms, irritant action of feces. In the initial stage of the disease there is peeling of the skin on the paws in the animal, there are cracks that form corns.
As a result of infection in rabbits, there are mucus fistulas and ulcers that lead to fatal outcome. The paws in the animal are deprived of wool, there are corn, there are sucrose secretions, and the general condition of the animal deteriorates. However, cleverly chosen treatment can save the life of the animal.
Wound surfaces are cleaned of purulent discharge, disinfection of the cavity with iodine or hydrogen peroxide. For bandages, use a Vishnevsky ointment or special veterinary preparations, and also use decoctions of medicinal herbs.
Back to contents
Furunculus is a dangerous complication after the
septic process. In a large variety of skin diseases in rabbits, furunculosis is most common: most of the exposed parts of the animal's body are affected. The disease appears as a result of damage to the integrity of the skin in the development of hypovitaminosis and metabolic disorders. In addition, it is extremely important that timely treatment of the disease be initiated. Furuncle reveal operatively. In medical practice, the treatment of the affected area with disinfectant solutions, ultraviolet irradiation, and the application of ointment bandages is often used.
In the development of inflammatory process recommended use of antibacterial drugs, the appointment of vitamin complexes.
Back to contents
What is the rabbit furunculosis?
The disease is characterized by a recurrent course and is poorly treated by symptomatic means. It is sad, but, despite the timely assistance, animals die from a severe degree of boils, accompanied by a weakness, an increase in body temperature.
With regard to the prevention of the disease, it can be different. Eliminating the causes of the disease, conducting vitamin therapy and treating the wounds with disinfectants.
When there is an abscess, there is a threat to the life of animals.
The question about how the abscess develops among young pupils is natural, since they are more durable than the old ones.
Cartilages indicate that external abscesses occur as a result of damage to the mucous membrane after bite, slaughter or injury. The abscess of the mammary gland in the female appears after the organ injury by the teeth of the rabbits. However, most purulent cavities are formed under the influence of growth of staphylococcal colonies: they form in the wound a white, cream-like substance. External abscesses arise on the cheeks, neck, neck, back of the animal after infection of the wound, deep bite, puncture of the skin with contaminated objects.
For multiple skin diseases, the occurrence of multiple abscesses due to the proliferation of microorganisms through lymph and blood is typical for rabbits.
Is it possible to help a sick animal? Of course, you can and need. First of all, you should determine the prognosis of the disease. In most cases, it is beneficial if the treatment is carried out in a timely manner.
If an abscess develops on the lower jaw, surgical intervention should be performed followed by prolonged therapy with antibiotics and the management of analgesic procedures. Outward abscesses on the scalp are successfully treated if timely diagnosis of the disease is performed.
Return to contents
Correct treatment of burns in rabbits
An accidental injury that could not be avoided brings a lot of pain to the nurse. Roughness of skin damage occurs less frequently than damage caused by bites and brawl.
Therapeutic corneal burns contribute to the formation of ulcers that can be treated within 3 weeks of their appearance. With thermal damage, depending on the degree of burn, there is a violation of skin integrity, tissue swelling, redness, blistering, defecation of sweat glands, carbon stomach.
For the treatment of burns, the doctor appoints treatment with tanning agents, and uses various ointments, many of which contain antibiotics. To neutralize chemical burns, use a solution of soda, and remove alkalis with acetic acid.
There is another type of burn - an electric trauma resulting from a collision of a rabbit with bare wires. As a result of such damage, the animal is in severe condition: it is still, a rare pulse, difficulty in breathing. In order to save the rabbit, in addition to treating the burn surface, enter the heart stimulants, anticonvulsants.
Contents Frostbite and its treatment in rabbits
If the animal for a long time is in unfavorable conditions, at low temperature, it appears quite common disease - frostbite of the limbs and ears. Depending on the degree of damage, the skin is red or covered with blistering. Numerous bubbles burst, forming bleeding wounds healing for many months.
Treatment for frostbite lasts a long time and depends on the degree of skin damage. For restoration of lost functions at the first degree of injury, the damaged areas are greased with greasy cream. The burnt bubble is opened, then the wound surface is treated with ointment. At the third stage of frostbite, dead tissues are removed and treated until complete healing of the wound. Before the onset of skin diseases, rabbits must be taken with all responsibility to prevent adverse effects on the health of the animal.