Pytirosporum-folliculitis - causes, symptoms, treatment, photos
- 18 Aug 19:45
- Disease Of The Skin
Folliculitis in dermatology is a skin disease characterized by inflammation in the hair follicles - follicles. There are two forms of this disease: superficial and deep folliculitis. In the first case, the inflammation only affects the follicular urethra, in thethe second - the process affects deeper tissues.
- 1 Causes of development of
- 1.1 A bit about the causative agent
- 1.2 Gaining factors
- 2 Clinical picture of
- 2.1 Possible complications of
- 3 Methods of diagnosis
- 4 Treatment of
- 5 Treatment of folk methods
- 6 Forecast and prevention of
- 7 Photo
Causes of development of
Conduct developmentfolliculitis may be various infectious agents. Thus, pitriosporum-folliculitis is caused by fungi belonging to the genus Pityrosporum. This disease is widespread in countries located in the subtropical and tropical belt.
A bit about the causative agent
Pytirosporum-folliculitis is caused by fungal infection. The causative agent of the disease is Pityrosporum fungus, which exists in two forms - orbiculare or oval( cellular) form. Currently, most scientists believe that both of these forms represent a single organism at different stages of development, but the final point in the discussion is not yet set.
noticed that the fungus pytyrosporum round shape often appears on the skin of the body, and oval cells affect mainly the skin on the head and therefore can develop folliculitis dekalvyruyuschyy.
By itself, the presence of fungi on the skin of the genus pityrosporum is not the cause of the disease, but in the presence of certain factors may develop folliculitis or scaly licorice.
Often, fungal infection penetrates the hair follicles from small injuries to the skin or as a result of the procedures to remove hair. Often, the cause of folliculitis is increased sweating.
also cause fungal folliculitis can be a reduction in general or local immunity caused by one of the following factors:
- long-occurring infectious disease and antibiotic treatment;
- Violation of metabolic processes and, above all, diabetes mellitus;
- Diseases associated with liver function disorders;
- Adverse effects on the skin, including sunburn, chemical effects, etc.
- Illicit use of external drugs containing glucocorticosteroids and, as a consequence, drug rash.
Folliculitis caused pytyrosporumom characterized monomorfnoy appearance( uniform) in a rash of pustules and papules located in the mouths of hair follicles.
Most often, in this type of folliculitis the skin of the upper part of the trunk, forearm, shoulders, back and neck is affected. Less rash appears on the face.
With a superficial form of folliculitis, pustules( abscesses) are formed with the size of the ashy grain. Pustules, as a rule, have the shape of a cone with the upper part of which comes out hair.
Neck with folliculitis can be surrounded by a rim of hyperemic skin, pain is absent, but patients may be disturbed by severe itching. Therefore, in the area of rash with folliculitis caused by pityrosporum, usually there are exacerbations - superficial skin damage caused by combing.
A few days later, the pustules open, the pus comes out with the formation of a crust. After that the inflammation passes, and the skin becomes healthy.
In deep folliculitis, large painful nodules are formed. The size of one such knot can reach 10 cm. The center of the knot also has a hair around which the abscesses are located. The number of excited follicles may be different. As a rule, in the superficial form of folliculitis, multiple rashes.
Possible complications of
In most cases, pitriosporum folliculitis has an uncomplicated course, especially if treatment measures are taken on time. However, very serious consequences can appear. In particular, folliculitis may be formed on the background of:
- Furuncle - Acute purulent inflammation of the follicle proceeds with the spread of the process on the surrounding tissues.
- Carbuncle. This name is purulent inflammation of tissues around a group of follicles. Carbuncle is a complication of folliculitis gram-negative.
- Abscess. This tissue inflammation with formation of purulent cavities
main objective the diagnosis pytyrosporum-folliculitis is the need to differentiate this disease from other forms of folliculitis and inflammation follicles infectious nature.
For the diagnosis:
- Survey of affected follicles;
- Detection of the pathogen that caused the development of folliculitis;
- Exclusion of syphilis and HIV;
- A patient's examination for the detection of diseases that could provoke the development of pityrosporum folliculitis.
Folliculitis is treated outpatiently. It is necessary to break the existing pustules and remove from them pus. Such a treatment of folliculitis is carried out in a polyclinic using antiseptic drugs.
In the future, antifungal agents are prescribed to the patient. In the superficial form of folliculitis only external means - ointments or emulsions are used. For the treatment of pityrosporum-folliculitis, the following creams are usually used, such as clotrimazole, terbisil, exoderil, and others. Modern antifungal agents are applied to the skin twice a day. The patient will need to complete the course of treatment, even if the clinical symptoms of folliculitis disappear earlier. Otherwise, a relapse may occur.
If folliculitis has a steady course, or the process has undergone a stage of deep inflammation, it is necessary to use systemic drugs in addition to external therapies.
With folliculitis induced by pitrosporomy, administration of systemic antifungal agents, as well as drugs for strengthening immunity, is prescribed. Typically, for the treatment of this form of folliculitis, the drugs used are fluconazole, isotracanosol, terbinafine, and others. As for fluconazole, it is still used in the treatment of thrush.
The patient should know that in the process of treating folliculitis, you can not squeeze the inflamed skin or try to squeeze out the pustules yourself. The fact is that when squeezing abscess increases the risk of infiltration into the deeper parts of the follicle, it can provoke the development of complications.
Physiotherapy is also used to treat folliculitis caused by piturosporum fungi. In particular, UFOs have proven themselves well. Patients are scheduled for 6-10 procedures, they should be performed daily or every other day. Irradiation of the affected folliculitis of the skin is carried out in the subarymic( does not cause reddening of the skin) dose.
In the event that pitrosporum folliculitis develops against a background of a disease, it is necessary to undergo a course of treatment aimed at correcting the health status.
When treating follicular fungal nature, it is recommended that you follow the diet. The ration should sharply limit the amount of sugar and sweets, as carbohydrates, especially "fast" are an excellent nutrient for fungi.
Treatment of folk methods
In the treatment of follicular fungal nature can also help folk remedies. Many recipes are very effective and help to cope faster with
Forecast and prevention of
Forearm with pytiroporum folliculitis is almost always favorable. If the disease causes deep lesions of the follicles, spots of hyperpigmentation may remain on the site of healed inflammatory foci. In the absence of treatment or inappropriate therapy, folliculitis can provoke the development of serious complications, the treatment of which requires surgical intervention.
Prevention of the development of all forms of folliculitis is to adhere to the hygiene of the skin and hair. In addition, regular medical examinations, tests and general health monitoring are required. Preventing the development of folliculitis of fungal nature will help fight sweating. In addition, it is not necessary to use tools containing corticosteroids and antibiotics without prescriptions of the doctor. Self-treatment with the use of these agents can reduce the protective functions of the skin and the development of folliculitis.