Acne Keloid - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment
- 18 Aug 14:45
- Disease Of The Skin
Pancreatic dermatitis of the head or acne keloid is almost exclusively a manly disease of a long course. In women, such dermatitis is extremely rare. Characterized by acne by keloid inflammation in the sebaceous glands and follicles, as a result of whichoccurs irreversible changes in the surrounding lesions of the dermis.
Dermatitis lasts for many years, ending with skin sclerosis in affected areas.
- 1 Causes of development of
- 2 Clinical picture of
- 3 Diagnosis of
- 4 Treatment of
- 5 Treatment with folk remedies
- 6 Forecast and prevention of
- 7 Photo
Causes of development of
There was a failure to find out the causes that triggered the formation of keloid acne scrubbing. It is believed that dermatitis develops on the background of defeat with golden staphylococcus or fungal infection. Perhaps a certain role in the development of keloid acne is the innate propensity to form keloids.
Clinical picture of
Pancreatic dermatitis manifests itself in the formation of painful papules. Localization of rash - the neck, neck on the verge of hair growth.
The initial elements of rashes in sclerosing acne are isolated violet or dark red shades of papules. The size of the primary formations varies within 1-5 mm. Next to the pustules, follicular pustules can be formed.
With the development of dermatitis, the number of rashes is steadily increasing. Individual pustules merge with the formation of large elements. At the same time, the skin becomes dense, skin furrows are clearly expressed on it. Outside, the rupture area of sclerosing acne at this stage of development resembles a skin covered with papillomas.
Hair in the area of papillary dermatitis does not fall but grows in bundles. As the elements of the skin are allowed, keloid scars are formed. The disease lasts for many years and decades.
The basis of the diagnosis of keloid acne is an external review. Given the characteristic localization of rashes and their specific appearance, the diagnosis, as a rule, does not cause difficulties.
If necessary, a biopsy may be prescribed. Pathomorphologically education for papillary dermatitis have all signs of folliculitis with pronounced perifollicular edema. Infiltrate consists of lymphocytes, polymorphonuclear cells, giant plasma cells. When sclerosing acne, changes in connective tissue are observed, hypertrophied sclerosized fibers are found in the structure, that is, the main signs of the celloid.
It is necessary to differentiate keloid acne from deep mycoses. To do this, specific analyzes aimed at identifying an infection are assigned.
A differential analysis of sclerogenic acne with cutaneous tuberculosis is also conducted. In this case, the rash is painless and localized not only on the head, as with keloid acne, but also on other parts of the body, of course, in areas of the skin over the lymph nodes. The separation of nodes in tuberculosis of the skin occurs with the formation of deep ulcers, which is not characteristic for keloid acne. In addition, when sclerosing acne tuberculin tests are negative.
Another disease that needs to be distinguished from papillary dermatitis is blastomycosis. It is caused by the infection with Glenosporella loboi, contamination is possible with insect bites or injuries. The difference between sclerosing acne is the prevalence of rashes, with blastomycosis, nodules are formed not only on the skin of the neck and head, but also on the shins, forearms, faces. Rash resembles wart growth.
Unfortunately, the treatment of keloid acne does not allow to completely cure the disease, but it can slow down the development of dermatitis.
For systemic therapy of keloid acne use:
- Modern antibacterial preparations with a wide spectrum of action;
- Antimycotic drugs;
- Aromatic retinoids;
- Proteolytic enzymes.
At the same time, local treatment is prescribed. For keloids, the acne is prescribed:
- Antimicrobial and Antifungal Ointments;
- Sweetening agents, for example, Dermax. The remedy is applied to the lesion area twice a day, the course of application is not less than a month.
When sclerosing acne it is recommended to completely remove hair from the center of defeat. Along with medical treatment, in the papillary dermatitis, physiotherapy is prescribed:
- Mud cure;
- Phonophoresis using antibiotics and lidaza;
- Rukki irradiation.
Affected by dermatitis, follicles, as a rule, are recommended to be removed using the method of diathermocoagulation. When using this method, the affected follicles are destroyed by high-frequency current.
Treatment of folk remedies
In addition to treatment prescribed by a doctor for keloids, you can use folk recipes.
Aloe is used to treat various types of acne, including keloids. It is necessary to stand in a freezer for three days thick, cut from the bottom of the plant, leaves. Then let them thaw, cut a thin layer of peel and rub the pulp of the sheet until the gum. Add a little oat or peanut flour( just pepper "Hercules" or peeled peas in a coffee grinder) so that the weight is similar to the ointment consistency. Impose a remedy on the area of lesion in sclerosing acne. Cover the top with a tape and fix it with a plaster. Keep the compress for at least 8 hours. Do it with keloid acne in a day.
Natural apple vinegar can be used to treat keloid acne. Vinegar should be applied to the area of defeat and gently rubbed into the skin. If such treatment causes irritation of the skin, then vinegar is recommended to dilute with water half.
Treatment of acne sclerosing with a mixture of oils. To prepare the treatment mixture you need to take equal amounts of three oils - olive, tea tree and lavender. Olive oil can be replaced with sea buckthorn. Rub in the area of rash with keloid acne twice daily. Use for a long time, not less than three months.
Compresses of green or blue clay can be used to improve the skin condition in keloid acne. You can use these types of clay separately, but better to mix in equal quantities. Dilute the clay with olive oil, adding about half a spoon of lemon juice. Apply to the area of rash, after drying, rinse the mask with warm water.
You can use garlic oil to slow down the process of skin scrubbing and the formation of keloid scars. It is applied to the affected skin, and after 10 minutes, rinse with warm water. If using the remedy will cause irritation on the skin, this method of treating sclerosing acne will have to be abandoned.
Forecast and prevention of
Since researchers failed to identify the causes leading to keloid acne, effective prevention of this dermatitis has not been developed. General measures of prevention are general measures - hardening, walks, rational nutrition, full rest.
The prognosis for recovery from keloid acne is complex. The disease proceeds for decades. Treatment can slow down the process, but do not stop it completely.