What Is Mixed Gastritis And How Does It Cure A Disease?
- 16 Aug 05:15
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Mixed gastritis - what is it? This is a combination of several forms of lesion of the mucous membranes of the stomach. The inflammatory process involves superficial, hemorrhagic, ulcerative andhypertrophic ailments, with one of them dominant. The pathological process can combine 4 or more forms of defeat. The main cause of its occurrence is a pathogenic microorganism - Helicobacter Pilory. Infection can occur by household or oral-fecal route. It is possible to transmit an infection from a sick person to a healthy person during kissing.
Table of contents
- 1 Causes of
- disease 2 Clinical picture of
- 3 Diagnosis and treatment of
- 4 Necessary
diet 1 Causes of
ailment Mixed gastritis often develops due to malnutrition. The rhythm of life of a modern person often leads to the need for small snacks during the day and overeating in the evening. These factors negatively affect the function of the digestive system, especially the stomach. Deterioration of health contributes to stress, alcohol and smoking. Signs of inflammation of the walls of the stomach may appear after burns with chemicals: alcohol, acids and alkalis. Man gets injured by accidental swallowing of a substance that destroys living tissue( detergent, vinegar, medical alcohol).
Mixed gastritis often develops on the background of long-term administration of some medications: aspirin, NSAIDs, antibiotics. Active substances lead to the development of inflammatory process not only due to irritation of stomach tissues, but also due to violation of the mechanisms of protection of mucous membranes. The cause of the disease can be considered some food habits of man. The walls of the stomach are damaged by the penetration of badly chopped or coarse food. The use of hot dishes leads to thermal burns. Negative effects on the digestive system and over cold foods. Improper nutrition makes the stomach vulnerable to various infections.
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2 Clinical picture of
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In the early stages, the pathological process covers only the upper layers of the mucous membranes. In the future, the surface gastritis becomes the next, more severe form. It is at this time that there is a simultaneous development of several types of defeat. In advance, predict how it will develop the clinical picture of the disease is impossible. Only one thing is known: mixed gastritis leads to a gradual deterioration of human health. The main symptoms of the disease are: severity in the epigastric region, flatulence, hunger pains, nausea, periodic attacks of vomiting, sore throat, loss of appetite.
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Symptoms of the disease also depend on which form of gastritis in the patient prevails. If the main type is an erosive type, on the inflamed mucous membranes during the examination revealed superficial ulcer defects. Their appearance is observed both at elevated and with preserved acidity of the gastric contents. Chronic gastritis can torture a person for several years. If the prevailing hemorrhagic form, there are symptoms of thinning of the walls of the vessels of the stomach, against which there are small ulcers that bleed.
Mixed hypertrophic gastritis is manifested as a pathological thickening of the mucous membranes and enlargement of the glands, which eventually leads to the formation of cysts and tumors. Acidity may remain normal, decrease or increase. Acute types of gastritis are accompanied by pronounced pain syndrome, bloating, increased gas formation, nausea and diarrhea. The clinical picture of chronic inflammation of the mucous membranes depends on the acidity of the gastric juice. With decreased acidity, pain occurs after taking food, with elevated - on an empty stomach. Appetite in the first case decreases, in the second - increases.
For any type of mixed gastritis, symptoms appear after an hour and a half after eating. The main signs of inflammation of the gastric mucosa - nausea, feeling of heaviness in the epigastric region, bad taste in the mouth, constipation or diarrhea, heartburn. At later stages, gastritis may contribute to a blood circulation disorder, due to which there are signs of heart failure.
3 Diagnosis and treatment
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Diagnosis of the disease is based on the establishment of a predominant type of gastritis, assessment of the degree of prevalence of the pathological process, the severity of inflammation of the mucous membranes of the stomach. At the first stage, the physician analyzes the symptoms present in the patient, collects anamnesis and puts a preliminary diagnosis. The second step begins with the FGDS, during which the localization of the pathological process is determined. Laboratory research methods include a general urine test, a coprogram, and a biochemical blood test. In addition, ultrasound of the pancreas and gall bladder is prescribed. Intestinal pH-metry allows you to determine the acidity of gastric juice.
When mixed with gastritis, treatment is prescribed taking into account all forms in its form. The patient must adhere to all recommendations of the gastroenterologist, take medication, adhere to a special diet. Therapeutic course lasts for 14 days, it can be conducted at home. The most effective remedies for mixed gastritis are: prokinetics, antacids, and inhibitors. Nutrition with gastritis implies the abandonment of greasy, roasted and spicy foods, confectionery. To eat it is necessary in small portions 5-6 times a day. Products should be cooked, boiled or baked. In the period of exacerbation it is necessary to eat liquid or semi-liquid food. Disposables of medicinal plants allow to eliminate the negative manifestations of gastritis.
With the timely start of treatment and compliance with preventive measures, signs of mixed gastritis disappear after 3-7 days. Chronic forms of inflammation are characterized by a long and persistent nature of the course. Acute gastritis in the absence of treatment quickly turns into chronic, in which periods of lulling change with exacerbations. In severe forms of the disease, treatment is carried out in a hospital setting.
4 Necessary diet
The basic principle of treating a disease at home is a medical hunger strike, in which it is allowed to drink a hipster decoction or weak tea is unsweetened. The amount of liquid consumed per day should be 1.5-2 liters. After 24-48 hours it is allowed to enter mucus soups in the menu. Food should be taken in small quantities, it is impossible to get out of hunger sharply. The next day, you can diversify the diet with porridges, welded on the water. A special diet should be followed even after the signs of gastritis disappear. Before entering the menu of a particular product, you should consult your doctor. Self-treatment with mixed gastritis can not be practiced, it contributes to its transition to a chronic form.
Prophylaxis of stomach diseases involves the organization of a proper diet. Man should not feel hungry for a long time. To eat it is necessary natural, environmentally friendly products. The development of gastritis is facilitated by psycho-emotional overload, so stressful situations should be avoided. It is necessary to timely eliminate the foci of infection in the oral cavity and adhere to the rules of hygiene. During the exacerbation of the diet, fat, salty and spicy foods, coffee, tomatoes, yeast dough, strong tea and whole milk are removed.