What vaccinations and when to do rabbits?
- 13 Aug 15:45
- What to do about it?
- What else to know about vaccination?
- Features of diseases
- Virus hemorrhagic disease of rabbits
Each rabbit should know what to do when infecting rabbits and when. It is known that rabbits, compared with other domesticanimals, are quite fragile health. In these animals, there are epidemics that cause mass death. And it happens very quickly, and once in the morning the host can find dead all the livestock. Of the number of beginner rabbits, only some continue their work all their lives, and this is not straightforward.
The health of rabbits really requires a lot of attention. Animals often become victims of viruses and bacteria that enter their body in various ways. These can be different insects, as well as ubiquitous rodents. A rabbit can get infected by the hands of the owner, although the latter does not suffer absolutely nothing. The fact is that there are serious illnesses that are sick only by rabbits.
What to do about it?
The most common and, at the same time, the most dangerous is the viral hemorrhagic disease of rabbits( VGHK). The second largest number of cases, but no less dangerous disease - myxomatosis. It is from these two diseases that it is necessary to vaccinate in a timely manner, otherwise, sooner or later, the misery will not go away. Not even so important is rabbits for rabies because it is transmitted only by bite, but it is unlikely anyone will bite in a rabbit cage. Although if you are traveling abroad, the presence of such vaccination will still be necessary. In addition to VGHK and myxomatosis, rabbits are prone to a number of diseases, not so dangerous, but need treatment:
Against the most dangerous rabies infections, it is extremely important to make vaccinations on time, since treatment is often not very successful. From VGHK it is possible to make vaccinations even in the lunar age, provided that the animal is great. In principle, it's early, but to a certain extent, it comes about when it becomes known to spread the epidemic. But for a half-mile rabbit, such vaccination should be done even in the absence of an epidemic. It will protect the immune system for 4.5 months, after which the vaccine should be repeated.
Myxomatosis is transmitted through mosquito bites, so it is advisable to vaccinate this disease when spreading it. Vaccination from myxomatosis lasts about 6 months. This means that by making it in April, you can protect the animals until October, when there will be no insects. Their appearance is possible only if the rabbits are in warm and humid rooms. There, insects may well be in the winter. However, most animals are kept in cold rooms, on the street, because the rabbits are absolutely not afraid of cold. For them, the mosquito is much more terrible than any frost.
For ease and convenience, a comprehensive vaccine has been developed for two of the most dangerous ailments. Among the rabbits sometimes it is thought that two vaccinations for rabbits are more difficult to carry. However, this is not so - the complex vaccination does not have any negative effects on the animals. The only thing to keep in mind: It is not possible to make pairing two weeks after vaccination, until immunity appears.
What else do I need to know about vaccination?
To keep the animals safe, some simple rules need to be kept in mind. It is necessary to strictly observe the terms of vaccination. Each vaccine has a certain period of action, after which the risk of the disease increases repeatedly. In addition, purchased in a veterinary pharmacy, the drug must have a certificate and come from a proven manufacturer. It's no secret that a huge proportion of medicines in pharmacies, both veterinary and ordinary, is just a fake. Counterfeit medicines, at a minimum, will not bring benefits, and most often cause irreparable harm. Like any medication, the vaccine has a shelf life, and overdue medications can not be used! Therefore, it is necessary to study on a package the expiration date of the drug and the date of its release.
In order to vaccinate, it is not necessary to call a veterinarian. You can make rabbits vaccine at home, experienced rabbits often come in. To do this, you need to know well and understand what vaccine rabbits do. The prick is placed either in the thigh or in the shoulder. It is advisable to make an intramuscular injection, although some veterinarians practice subcutaneous injections. Before taking the medicine, place the injection should be disinfected with alcohol.
One point that requires special attention: only healthy rabbits can be inoculated.
Vaccinations are weakened viruses of the disease from which they are vaccinated.
If an animal already has this virus in the body, the situation will only deteriorate. The principle of the introduction of the vaccine is that the attenuated or modified viruses of a particular disease, when they enter the body of an animal, have been identified and destroyed by its immune system. After that, the body for some time "armed" against this pathogen. After the specified term, the immunity "forgets" about the threat, a new vaccine is made, and everything is repeated.
Disease Features As already mentioned, you need to make sure your rabbit's health is healthy before you are vaccinated. To do this, you need to know which symptoms are damaging to the animal's disease.
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Virus hemorrhagic disease of rabbits
VGHK is a viral disease that primarily affects the liver and lungs. Females up to 2 months have been less susceptible to this virus. With age, the risk increases. The highest risk of infection in pregnant and lactating females. The pathogen is transmitted by airborne droplets, while it is very resistant to the environment and can not long break down.
The disease develops up to 72 hours, with virtually no manifestation. With progressive disease, the temperature rises and breathing becomes more difficult, spasms appear. Then there are bleeding from the nose, mouth and anus. In 90% of cases, the disease ends with a fatal outcome. There are currently not enough effective drugs, and the only guarantor of safety is timely vaccination.
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This disease is viral, but carriers are insects. The development of the disease can range from 3 to 10 days. The first signs of the disease - red spots and tubers on the nose, ears and ages. Then there are swelling around the head and paws. In 90% of cases the animal dies for 10 days. There is a mild form of this disease, in which case the disease may develop more than a month, but the beneficial effects are much higher - about 40%.However, the most common forms of severe forms, which are virtually non-curative. The only sensible solution to the problem is vaccination.