Jonathan Apple: description, photo, peculiarities of cultivation
- 13 Aug 00:00
- Care For Bees
Apples are one of the most beloved fruits all over the world, so gardeners allocate more space on the site to yield varieties of fruit trees. In a short overview, we will review the description in detail in Jonathan, as well as the, we will talk about how to grow a variety to achieve maximum productivity.
A popular variety of fruit trees at the end of the XIX century in North America. Since the 50s of the XX century, culture has gradually spread throughout the territory of Ukraine and the regions of the North Caucasus of Russia. The plant is grown both in large agricultural farms, and in small plots of land.
According to the description, apple Jonathan is a squat, solid tree with a wide rounded crown and jagged branches. Sophisticated shoots move away and under the weight of the fruit, over time, become dull. Fruits are tied up in increments-year-olds, fruit rods and rings. The culture is referred to as a mixed fruiting type. Strong barrel covers gray bark smooth.
Small oval leaves with matte surface covered with thin veins and wrinkles. All shoots are tinned by a barely noticeable layer of villi. The Jonathan variety is characterized by abundant flowering. The pollen has a satisfactory viability( from 25 to 40%), so the neighbors-pollinators are recommended:
Apple Jonathan refers to the late-winter maturation period. After abundant flowering in the middle of May, the culture actively binds and forms fruit. The harvest is harvested in the second half of September. Fruits have excellent commodity characteristics.
When stored in the refrigerator, the original properties are stored before the beginning of April. The use of industrial premises for maintenance will keep the tasty products until February. Remember: the sharp temperature variations cause the appearance of spots on the skin.
Jonathan has become popular thanks to delicious and vivid fruits that look so appetizing in the photo. Small fruits( up to 130 g) have a cylindrical shape. The dense, juicy light cream powder has an excellent wine-sweet taste with a stable apple aroma. As part of the products are:
- sugar - up to 11%;
- vitamin C - 6 mg / 100 g;
- titrated acids - 0.65%;
- dry matter - 13.5%.
Apart from fresh apples, this variety is often used for processing jams and jam, as well as the manufacture of dry powders and table wine bases.
According to the description, fruiting apple begins from 5 years after landing to a permanent place of growth. Stable yield and generous: young trees bring up to 20 kg of fruit, and mature will please gardeners 85 kg of products. Mellowing fruits and reducing the intensity of flowering is the cause of insufficient care of the culture, as well as landing in low nutrient soils.
The variety is resistant to scab, but extremely sensitive to the destructive effects of powdery mildew. In order to avoid a massive infestation of plantings in a damp summer, preventive treatments of spring and before the beginning of flowering are recommended.
Appleton Jonathan does not have sufficient resistance to low temperatures. With a significant drop in degrees, even grown trees are threatened by the freezing of wood. Therefore, the plants of this variety are grown exclusively in warm regions. If you decide to plant a crop in the Middle Lane, then we recommend that you carefully insulate the winter.
Jonathan has a high sensitivity to soil nutrition, so be sure to carefully select the site before planting. For 3-4 weeks before the measures in the hole pour fertilizers that are mixed with the earth and peat. Such a nutritious pillow will provide the young with all the necessary substances. Remember: it is impossible to use fresh manure, as it attracts insects and causes the burn of young roots.
A sunny warm area with fertile loamy soil will be the perfect place to live the Jonathan apple tree.
Since the second year of life, the plant is fed regularly during the vegetative season. Nutrients that help develop the green mass in the spring, as well as prepare the culture for wintering. Mineral or organic ingredients are needed for healthy blooms, fruit formation.
The first two years the apple tree is tied to the support. A small peg will not allow the impetuous wind to pull out the unstable plant from the ground, and will also become an additional protection against bright radiation.
So that the tree quickly caught on and began to develop, after planting, the culture abundantly watered and mulch the soil near the root of the root. After three weeks, re-irrigation is carried out. In hot summer in the morning or in the evening, it is recommended to spray. A useful procedure will help to form a crown, as well as a flush of leaves of dust and pests.
After heavy rainfall, the soil is sealed, so the roots lack air. Lack of oxygen stops the development of the tree, which negatively affects its health. Experienced gardeners loose the ground in the pristovlovo circle, which greatly improves the aeration of underground parts.
Apple juice Jonathan has a weak immunity to powdery mildew, so you need to take care of plant protection. The disease destroys the kidneys, leaves and bark, and a dirty white plaque appears on the surface of the tree. The disease is not afraid of colds and perfectly hibernates on plant remains in the garden and soil.
Yabluny Jonathan is a vintage variety that has long been popular among domestic agrarians. Our recommendations will help you avoid common problems and grow a healthy and productive plant in your garden.