Psychogenic headache: causes, symptoms and lechenie
- 12 Aug 16:30
Psychogenic headache is not a sign of any mental illness. In addition, this condition is not a symptom of organic pathologies.
To be more precise, psychogenic headache is a complex of pain sensations that binds to the mental type of thehuman structure, that is, from depressive, hypochondria or asthenic.
- Causes of Pain Psychogenic
- Symptoms of Pain Psychogenic
- Treatment of
- Prevention of
Disease of Psychogenic
Pain The pain caused by neurotic factors is like a compensation, a peculiar response to psycho-emotional circumstances, therefore, psychogenic headache does not pose a "damaged by systems or organs.
In the official international classification of diseases and diseases, psychogenic pain is defined as persistent somatoform pain disorder.
Actually, the etiology and causes of psychogenic pain are not fully understood, but they are precisely based on the field of psychology, since they have a reasonable cause-and-effect relationship between the symptom and the secondary benefit.
One of the most popular and obvious reasons is pain, as the original way to get compassion and attention, if any other ways to attract them does not work out. Causes of pain can be divided into two categories: external causes and causes internal.
Internal causes - are acquired or innate qualities and properties of response to all kinds of psychoemotional stresses, negative for the psyche of the event and the relationship. Typically, responses are formed in humans in the distant childhood, and later they are regulated by the limbic system.
Well, and the external reason is what happens outside the human body, that is, the microsocial shell that forms the emotions of a person. This can be the behavioral habits and skills that a person takes from his childhood in adulthood. In addition, another significant external cause of this disease may be rigid education, that is, the upbringing of a person in a strict framework.
Here are just a few of the main causes of psychogenic pain:
Psychodynamic field. In the psychodynamic field, pain is defined as a unique way of obtaining love, caring and attention. A person with pain complaints can avoid punishment, compensate for guilt. This factor begins to form in an early childhood, where it can be consolidated.
Protective mechanism. It is displacement, substitution or repression. Man unconsciously compares himself with the important object for him.
Factor for strengthening the pain. In this case, the pain gets a kind of encouragement in the form of caring for a person, but it can be greatly reduced by its intensity when ignoring or punishing. It must be remembered that pain is a dependent complex, the promotion of pain can develop over the years.
Communication Factor. Pain in this case is like a manipulator and a benefit to a sick person. A factor that is associated with the functioning of the nervous system, as well as with the neurological status of a person.
In this case, distress provokes a change in the overall circulation of blood, blood pressure and metabolic processes. As a consequence, the formation of reactive shifts and stimulation of pain receptors. Thus, fears and effects are accompanied by muscular and vascular spasms, thereby provoking pain.
Symptoms of Pain Psychogenic
In its clinical picture, the psychogenic pain symptoms are similar to the symptoms of common organic pathologies, since any mental structure often supports and sometimes provokes organic matter.
One of the most typical and unordinary differential signs of the disease is the complete inability to relieve pain through the use of common standard therapies. In addition, psychogenic pain is capable of being treated with popular antidepressants.
The main symptoms of the disease are numerous, often repetitive and change their localization of pain, which lasts for six months.
The pain may be of a different nature, that is, it may be as pulling, aching, acute, and burning and cramping. She can change his place in different ways, that is, to be in the temples, in the head, in the body, and this happens regardless of the use of drugs.
In most cases, a psychogenic headache will be accompanied by an overly depressed condition, depression, irritability. It does not stop with analgesics, anti-inflammatory drugs, and it can not abate even under the influence of beneficial psycho-emotional factors.
Pain in the disease is associated with stressful situations, conflicts and social problems of a person. In general, a person who is prone to psychogenic headaches, often changes physicians, he begins to form a purely skeptical attitude in general to all medicine and complete distrust of the possibilities of medical professionals.
Symptoms of psychogenic pain can be detected in any organ and in any system, but in most cases, a person complains of a major, abdominal pain. When approaching a disease in terms of diagnosis, the following types of complaints are typical for psychogenic pain:
- A pain in the whole body, with no clear localization of pain, as if it migrates throughout the body at different intervals;
- There are no results or changes from treatment;
- Multiple Crisis Conditions;
- Subtlety of sensations;
- Psychogenic headaches;
- Presence of demonstrative personality traits.
Psychogenic headaches are provoked by injuries, stress and depression.
In fact, the clinical picture of this disease is not specific, but in clinical practice there is a fairly clear differentiation of it - a pain of tension and pain that is associated with a hypochondriac and anxiety.
Very often, patients suffer from psychogenic headaches for a rather long period of time, because they seek qualified specialists only after all the possible independent treatments have been tested.
But in reality, these self-medication actions can only worsen the situation of the sick person, since they psychologically form a person's steady confidence in the fact that he will not succeed in any case.
In addition, in addition to the strict and unconditional belief in the incurability of their illness, a person at the subconscious level provokes himself to the fact that he manifests virtually an animal fear of the development of this non-existent disease.
Let, as mentioned above, psychogenic headache pain may be contagious, suppressed, may have types of attacks, even though it is very difficult for them to locate them, but nevertheless, they can only be isolated in rare cases.
In addition, it may be an obvious differential sign that distinguishes the psychogenic from this migraine, and this is the hallmark of a pulsating one-sided nature.
Very often psychogenic headaches are particularly vulnerable, distrustful and disturbing people. The point is that their own nature can not find for themselves any way out but pain.
In addition, the elemental intellectual and physical strain and chronic exhaustion can also be a very serious factor that provokes psychogenic pain in the human body.
Diagnosis of the disease is very difficult, because for the beginning it is absolutely necessary to exclude any organic trauma and pathology, as well as the hidden ones.
The main diagnostic method for diagnosis of the disease is a lengthy survey, a detailed history of the patient. In addition, it is necessary to collect a social and family history, as well as a survey of therapists and neuropathologists.
In addition, physiological methods that are capable of detecting chronic tension of the muscles of the head and neck are required for detailed and maximally correct diagnosis.
Treatment for psychogenic headaches is purely inpatient, because this type of pain is not an overly serious illness. But, even despite the supposed inferiority of this disease, all of his treatment will be long and very difficult.
Thus, by completely eliminating all organic infections in the brain region and all other pathologies, a qualified physician may prescribe the use of special medications that belong to a group of psychotropic drugs. These may be antidepressants or central myelorrhoids.
Physiotherapeutic procedures can also help, although their effectiveness has still not been proven. Excellent showed itself, giving a good result, acupuncture and manual therapy.
But it shows excellent results only if a person has been diagnosed with headache tension, which is not related to the psycho-emotional factors.
It is clear that the main prophylaxis of the disease should begin before the birth of a person, while the mother still only carries the fruit.
If the conditions for a woman bearing the fruit are optimal and favorable for the fetus, and the child will be formed an adequate nervous system, well, and further prevention is an excellent family environment and competent education. Almost all existing factors that provoke psychogenic illness, refer specifically to the childhood period.
Of course, the neurotic component of this disease can be adjusted even at the stage of maturation, and even in adulthood, but this process is extremely difficult, it lasts a long time and is accompanied by some resistance from the patient.
In addition to all of the above, disease prevention can consist in following the very simple rules that are familiar to practically everybody:
- Adhere to the rules and principles of the right, that is, healthy lifestyle, the abandonment of all bad habits, detrimental effects on the human body;
- Continuous activity, regular sports, gymnastics and fitness;
- Study and constant application in practice of various relaxation techniques;
- Timely and correct treatment of specialists with any signs of malaise;
- It is correct to regularly carry out some dispensary examinations.
If you keep a positive view of reality, know how to treat illness, learn to respond properly to ever-changing circumstances and express emotions, then nervous illness will not disturb a person.