How to keep and breed rabbits in winter
- 11 Aug 18:30
Table of Contents
Breeding of rabbits is a good and profitable business. These animals have very high speed and fertility. One year from one
Before we start the rabbits, weigh all the pros and cons. Will you be able to provide them with decent retention. Because animals need care and care. Breeding requires billets of sufficient amount of hay, root crops, green grass. And in winter, breeding rabbits, in general, requires special training. For example, it is necessary to properly equip the dwelling for pupils during the winter.
Arrangement of the
Cells Breeding provides the rodents with a comfortable stay.
It is important to understand that the rabbit will spend all his life in a cage that you create for him. Therefore, try to meet all the necessary requirements, and the ear was good and comfortable, even in the winter.
How to arrange a cage for a rabbit to make it warm and cozy? First of all, rabbits are clean animals, so they need to be kept in dry condition and, most importantly, cleanliness. In winter it is necessary to protect the crevice from frost and drafts. In the summer, do not forget about the shadows though they worship the sun, but the dark corner they just need.
Breeding provides for the provision of sufficient rodents in rabbits for good livelihoods. It is believed that a lot of space for rodents is not required, but it all depends on the breed: the
- small breed is quite enough 0.5 m2 per head;
- for middle breeders 0,7m2;
- individuals of large breeds need at least 1.25 m2.
Crellot is usually a three-storey building, it is recommended to install it so that the facade looks at the south-eastern side. Due to this, direct sun rays will not fall into the bed of rabbits. But the pupils will be happy to soak up in the morning rays of the sun.
A moderate amount of daylight will kill harmful microorganisms in animal houses. It will also support the necessary dryness of the home, and rodents will receive the necessary vitamin D2 for rapid growth, and breeding in winter will not be a problem.
How to warm the home
In winter, the maintenance of rabbits is special, you need to seriously approach the issue of warming houses. If the housing in them is made of tufted boards or this deck construction, then be sure to fill the space between the walls of a natural heat insulator. Good for this is suitable moss, straw, small branches and leaves. If the winter in your region is too severe, it is desirable to warm the home of rodents even from the outside.
Use a sheet( iron sheet) to cover the houses. This is a beautiful waterproofing for rabbit housing, provided that the sheets of iron blocked one, this will prevent the flow of rainwater.
The bottom of the rabbit house should also be warmed up. To do this, make a pallet and install it with a slope in the center, so that the products of animal life slipped there. After that you can lay a protective insulating layer.
In the winter, breeding is a special job and care, it is necessary to provide reinforced heat to double cells, to lay straw on the floor, and to install wooden doors with wooden shutters.
When installing a rodent house, do not forget about ventilation. In the lower and upper part of the house make openings for the outflow and inflow of air.
To make the rabbits comfortable in winter, make latches that can be closed in severe frosts.
In order to ensure that the life of rabbits in the winter did not obscure the poor results, it is possible to equip the farm with maternity booths or nests of wood. This is, so to speak, wooden boxes in height from 30 to 35 cm, the sideways of which are covered with corners of the metal. Due to this, the rodents will not grind their teeth, and damage the maternity booths.
To maintain the health of its fluffy pets, regular disinfection should be carried out in their home. Instantly raises the issue when cleaning rabbit cells than to disinfect it?
The best competitor of various viruses, parasites, and harmful microorganisms is fire. With a soldering lamp you can disinfect the room. The main thing to observe the safety precautions and to remove all flammable objects near them before firing.
This method, combined with mechanical cleaning and chlorination, is a 100% guarantee of the purity of the rabbit.
Perfectly decontaminates and even bleaches rabbit cells, ordinary underwear, because it contains chlorine.
- Other means of the , intended for disinfection of peppermint, which can be bought in specialized stores.
When cleaning and disinfecting houses, do not forget about auxiliary items for keeping rabbits. Wash with the addition of soap or soda all wooden items. Metal and clay feeders and drinkers, buckets need to be decontaminated with fifteen-minute boiling, and then soak for half an hour in 3% solution of soda ash.
When keeping rabbits in the street in winter, great attention should be paid to nutrition and water supply.
Water balance in the body of rabbits is a guarantee of health. If rodents do not receive enough liquid, it can lead to deformation of the liver, spleen and kidneys, the level of reproduction may decrease and there will be problems with digestion. Rodents who suffer from a lack of water often suffer from jade, which in most cases leads to the death of a poor animal.
If the eating of the ears will not be sufficient, then the animal will weaken the immunity, the layer of fat will decrease, therefore, there will be no strength and energy to fight low temperatures in the winter.
What To Feed In The Winter
What to Feed Rabbits In Winter, A Very Frequent Issue From Beginners.
In winter, feeding rabbits should be valuable if the stock of hay is insignificant, it is better to add vitamins to the feed. Necessary to give eartags:
- grain, it would be nice to add and sprouted;
- herbal flour.
In the diet you can include sprigs of pine, spruce and juniper, which will serve as additional vitamins for pupils.
Good ears of bread crumbs, porridges and soups.
Need to give silage or pickled cabbage.
Rabbit supplement rabbits
In rabbits, winter retention is also accompanied by preparations for rabbit breeding, so it is important to pay attention to this moment and calculate the right diet for mature rodents.
- Sprout grain, can be replaced with baker's yeast 5 g per person for five days. Then there are three days of breaks.
- Cooking salt, mixed in the feed for adults 1.5 m, young 0.5 g
- You can mix in chalk feed, fish and bone meal.
Daytime ration for crackling females
Approximate diet for supervised females giving off most of the nutrients to the offspring:
- oats 100 g;
- bean and mixed fodder crops;
- sunflower oil 50 g;
- soybean flour 30 m;
- will be useful root crops and mineral impurities.
How to feed nursing females
Breeding of rabbits yields fruit and your farm is expected to replenish in the winter? Then you need to think about a diet for a feeding female. In addition to the usual food, give it:
- leguminous plants;
- dried herbs;
- for 20-45 days should be added to the diet of more grain at 30 m and hay for 20 years.
What to feed a lunar baby
Kids do not need a lot of food, but it should be quite calorie. At 30 days of age in children, the digestive system is not yet fully prepared for rough cereal and vegetable feeds, so the eartags should be given for the first few days:
- fresh milk;
- special mineral fertilizers.
Gradually introduced easy-to-peer products:
- young grass;
- cooked potatoes;
- is not very coarse hay of cereals and legumes;
- bone meal( for babies in the lunar age give 1 g, 2 months 2 m, 3 months 4 g).
The role of root crops in winter
Breeding in the cold season should be accompanied by the addition of vegetables in the normal diet of vitamins.
Root-crops for ears are not only a source of vitamins, but also favorite treatments. Take care of harvesting carrots for the whole winter, if the crop of this root can not store for the whole winter, then replace carrots with corn or Jerusalem artichoke.
Pumpkin is a great vegetable for filling vitamins, and its seeds can be used as a remedy for worms for young individuals.
Every rabbit breeder must know about how to keep the rabbits in winter, providing them with the necessary amount of water continuously.
In winter frosts, a drinking bowl for rabbits is an indispensable thing. Due to constant heating, water and food will not freeze, and you already know that without proper nutrition and drink rodents are prone to serious illness.
Winter rabbits for winter rabbits, as well as warm-up racks, can be made from tanks in which devices are installed to heat the contents of feeders to the required temperature. For example, you can use ten from an old kettle. It is important to just switch it off on time, when the water in the boiler reaches the desired temperature. Therefore, such devices require special care.
Cell transfer to a warm room
If your farm has a few cages with animals, then in the winter they can be transferred to a warm room( verandas, garage, shed or hothouse).In the heifer for wintering, wonderful conditions, light and no drafts.
If you decide to transfer rabbits to a barn where other animals live then make sure that the rodent's conditions are met.
It's also worth noting that chickens, cows, pigs and other animals can make loud sounds. Ears can be scared, get stress, some kind of illness may get worse, females will stop feeding offspring and breeding can go nuts.
Breeding of rabbits in winter should not mask viral or other diseases, therefore it is necessary to monitor the health of animals more closely.
In abnormal conditions of detention, when severe frosts( over -20 ° C) occur, rabbits are prone to frostbite. Particularly dangerous areas are ears and paws. Depending on the degree of freezing, you can distinguish three categories.
- Undesirable( normal and non-contagious)
Signs of illness: nasal discharge from clear mucus, sneezing, apathy and inhibition. Poor appetite or refusal of food.
What to do: Take the sick animal in a warm room. Then try to give food with the addition of 1-2 multivitamins.
Dip a spout, a furatillaque aqueous solution( 1: 100).Use a regular pipette, burying for 3-5 drops per nostril session. Cycle 6 hours.
Important! Rabbits breathe only by the nose, so when the neck is blocked, the animal may suffocate.
- Infectious rhinitis
Signs are the same as in normal colds, the difference is only in the color of the selected mucus. It is a purulent discharge of greenish or whitish color.
Immediately send a diseased rabbit from others, because this disease is infectious and as a result can affect the entire livestock population.
Need help from a veterinarian.
- Other diseases
In winter, a rodent can get sick not only because of colds.
However, in any case, the diseased animal should be transferred to heat, because the cold organism is more likely to cope with any illnesses.
Then you need to improve the ears of the ear and treat them according to the indications or seek help from the vet.