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Why shoot in my head: the most common causes of stunning cranialgia

Contents

  • Nature of Shotgun Cranial Algebra
  • Possible Causes of Headache Headache
  • Features of the
  • Clinical Picture Most Common Causes of
  • Modern Corrective Effects of Shot Cranial Algebra

It is unlikely there will be at least one person who is not familiar with such an

problem as headache. It can have the most diverse character, different localization and duration, accompanied by other severe symptoms. Of particular concern is pain in the head, which appears suddenly and is very intense in nature. One of these is a stinging cranialgia.

Often, people are very frightened by the fact that they shoot in the head. Some are even afraid to move or sigh so as not to cause a new shot. What is the reason for this symptom and how to deal with such a headache?

The nature of the gazebo cranial asthma

To begin with, it needs to be clarified that the prolapse cranialgia, and this is what medicine calls this type of headache, is never an independent state. This is always one of the symptoms of a major illness that causes stroke.

Shooting headache has a neurogenic nature and is due to pathological impulses along the course of nerve fibers. The nerve impulse can irradiate, as to its beginning( the lower part of the brain, where almost all 12 pairs of cranial nerves begin), and to the periphery, where the final branches of the damaged nerve fiber are located.

Thus, the shooting pain has its strict direction, which can be clearly defined by the patient, due to the circulation of the pathological nerve impulse through the nerve. If the impulse is single, then the pain is determined by the patient in the form of a single shot, but if the impulse becomes frequent, the patient experiences several successive shootings that take on a character similar to the ripple.

Why shoot in my head: the most common causes of stunning cranialgia

The essence of a headache is the pathological pulse on the nerve fibers of the

Depending on the part of the head that innervates the damaged nerve, and the localization of the cramping cranialgia depends. For example, with neuralgia of the trigeminal nerve( the most common cause of headache), the pain will spread in the direction of the damaged branch of the nerve - the frontal area, the area of ​​the eye or upper jaw.

Depending on which nerve is damaged, a feeling of depth of pain also depends. For example, in the case of neuralgia of the occipital nerve, the pain that shimmers from the back of the neck extends from the back of the neck to the skin and is determined by the patients as superficial pain, and with inflammation of the protruding nerve, which innervates the inner ear, the nerve impulses go deep and the shot is felt deeply in the head.

A characteristic feature of the cramping-up cranialgia is the presence of trigger zones and points, the stimulation of which leads to a new shot.

For example, in the case of trigeminal neuralgia, the opening of the mouth can cause an attack of pain. Similar points exist and with the damage of other nerves.

Possible causes of headache shots

Why are the pathological pulses described? The reasons for their origin and circulation are several. Most often, it is inflammation of an infectious or non-infectious nature, compression of nerve fibers by surrounding tissues, mechanical damage( rupture, stroke, stretching), degenerative lesions of the nerve myelinum( demyelinating diseases), inflammation of tissues near the passage of the nerve.

Causes of Shot Cranial Algeas are presented in the form of a table.

Pain mechanism
Pathological condition

Organic peripheral nerve pathology

  • Neuralgia trigeminal nerve;
  • Inflammation of the jawbone nerve;
  • Compression of these fibers by tumors, their mechanical damage;
  • Posttraumatic Neuralgia;
  • Toxic damage to nerve fibers - chemical poisoning, chronic alcoholism;
  • Polyneuropathy in diabetes mellitus.

Cervicogenic cranialgia
Arises in the pathology of the cervical spine - osteochondrosis, spondyloarthrosis, hernia of the intervertebral disc, when compressed nerve fibers by osteophytes.

Diseases of the eyes, nose, ears( infectious and simple inflammatory)
At the same time, the corresponding nerve, which causes cranialgia, is inflamed.

Pathological processes occurring near the nerve end of the

  • Systemic vasculitis - temporal arteritis may be the cause of shooting pain in the temples;
  • Inflammation of the maxillo-temporomandibular joint;
  • Purulent lesion of the bones of the facial skull( osteomyelitis);
  • A tumor of the brain and other localization in the head area, as well as some other tumors, such as cysts of the brain, abscesses and hematomas.

Features of the

clinical picture Despite the reason for a head shot and its localization, all patients characterize this form of headache as suddenly a shot that lasts only a fraction of a second or a few seconds. Always in the head shooting only from one side, never happens simultaneously shot on both sides. Shot can be both single and multiple. Sometimes patients may indicate that it provokes pain, for example, chewing, and sometimes no connection can be obtained. The localization of the shot depends on which nerve is damaged.

Video transmission about hiding headache

Live great!: What hides the headache 12.11.12

Why shoot in my head: the most common causes of stunning cranialgia
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As a rule, the language that fights cranialgia is an acute condition, but if a person does not seek medical attention, then cranialgia may become chronic, and get rid of it much harder, as the direct cause, for example, inflammation, has long been absent, but the circulation of the nerve impulse has become pathological and functions in a vicious circle.

It is very important to tell the specialist all the details of the occurrence of pain, it is necessary to remember and what provokes it, and from what it passes. This will allow the specialist to quickly assume the diagnosis and assign the necessary examinations to clarify it.

Depending on the localization of the pain, one can assume its cause:

  • the frontal area of ​​the head - the defeat of the facial nerve or the upper branch of the trigeminal;
  • parietal section of the head - damage to the superficial branches of many nerves that innervate the scalp of the
  • temporal region - temporal artery disease( vasculitis), lesions of the maxillo-temporomandibular joint, inflammation of the trigeminal nerve trunk;Oscillatory site of
  • - damage of the occipital nerves, which most often have cervicogenic character;
  • middle part of the face and upper jaw - neuralgia of the middle branch of the trigeminal nerve;
  • lower part of the face - damage to the lower branch of the trigeminal nerve
  • deep pain relieving the pain - ear and eye damage( oculomotor, block, facial, etc.)

Common causes of

Consider nosological forms of the diseases that cause cranialgia in more than 70% of cases.

Neuralgia of the trigeminal nerve

This is usually a pathology that is prone to chronic flow, and manifests itself as an intense and acute pain in the trigeminal nerve in the zone of innervation of the trigeminal nerve.

Why shoot in my head: the most common causes of stunning cranialgia

The spread of trigeminal trigeminal neuralgia may be due to the damaged branch of

. Several causes are due to the development of neuralgia:

  • compression of the nerve trunk at the site of its exit from the cranial cavity, for example, a tumor, aneurysm, abnormal vessels;
  • inflammation of the nerve of an infectious or non-infectious nature( frequent hypothermia, centers of chronic infection in the area of ​​innervations of this nerve - carious teeth, chronic ENT pathology);
  • mechanical damage to the nerve, such as a blow to the face area, damage to the surgical intervention.

The only symptom of trigeminal nerve neuralgia is a sharp, one-sided pain of a stroke-like nature( "struck by electric current").The pain attacks are short, about 10 seconds, but there are attacks and prolonged duration( up to 2 minutes).The number of attacks per day varies from person to person in large numbers.

The onset of a cranialgia with a neuralgia of 5 pairs of cranial nerves is often accompanied by the release of tears and a large amount of saliva. It is also characterized by the presence of trigger points and zones that activate pain. The provocateurs may be chewing, yawning, touching some areas of the face, brushing teeth, and even talking. This greatly complicates human life and, given that pathology proceeds for many years, it reduces its quality.

Acute and chronic otitis media

This is an inflammatory disease of the middle ear. Most often occurs in children due to anatomical and physiological characteristics. Therefore, if the child complains of a stinging pain in the head and ear, then first of all otitis should be omitted.

The cause of otitis are acute respiratory viral infections, which fall into the middle ear from the nasopharynx through the eustachian tube. Also, an etiological factor can be pathological microorganisms in the chronic pathology of ENT organs.

Symptoms of otitis include a sharp shooting pain that occurs in the ear and irradiates deep into the head. In parallel, the temperature rises, general malaise develops, pathological discharge from the external auditory passage appears. In some cases hearing may decrease.

This is a very dangerous disease, since the purulent process can spread to the surrounding middle ear structure( temporal bone, brain tissue, inner ear).

Why shoot in my head: the most common causes of stunning cranialgia

Shot pain from head to ear - the first sign of otitis media

Cerebrovascular headache

This type of headache is widespread because of the frequent pathology of the cervical spine. Also, such a headache is called cervical migraine, ocular nerve neuralgia, Bari-Liev syndrome, cervical sympathetic syndrome.

The cause of the pain is the irritation or compression of the branches of the occipital nerves by osteophytes in cervical spondylosis or the hernia of the intervertebral disc.

The pain has a rather specific nature. It is one-sided, extends from the cervico-occipital area to the anterior parts of the head, the nature of the pain of a bullet. It is accompanied by other symptoms of cervicogenic osteochondrosis - vertebrobasilar insufficiency syndrome, pain in the neck and shoulder girdle, dizziness, various vegetative disorders.

Modern possibilities of correction of shunt kranialgiya

It is important to remember that an independent appointment of treatment for stunning pain in the head is unacceptable. It is imperative to seek specialized medical assistance from a neurologist, as the causes of such pain may be hidden in very dangerous conditions for life, for the exclusion of which the doctor will prescribe MRI or CT of the brain.

Treatment for cataract surgery will be successful only if the true cause of the pain is established. In this case, the therapy of the underlying disease can completely prevent you from bullying in your head.

As a rule, ordinary headache medicines are not appropriate in this case, since the cause of the pain is completely different, and when you drink them if the pain lasts for a few seconds and it is not clear when it will come back again. Therefore, the only correct option is a complete medical examination with mandatory consultation of a neurologist, vertebrologist and an ENT doctor.

Video Transmission on Trigeminal Neuralgia:

TBC - Tricuscular Neuralgia - Farkhat F. A.

Why shoot in my head: the most common causes of stunning cranialgia
Watch this video on YouTube

Principles of treating nerve trigeminal nerve

To eliminate pain in this disease, carbamazepine is used to treat a group of anticonvulsants. The dose of carbamazepine is selected individually in each case, its action lasts approximately 4-5 hours, the treatment continues until the end of the exacerbation of neuralgia.

In a complex conservative treatment, various physiotherapeutic procedures, regional blockades with anesthetics and amidopyrin, B vitamins and firming agents are used.

If the medication does not produce the desired result, surgical correction of neuralgia is performed. During the operation, the nerve root collapses with radio waves or various toxic substances; decompression is also carried out, if a nerve presses something.

Principles of otitis media treatment

Anti-inflammatory and antibacterial therapy is obligatory, depending on the type and type of infectious agent. In parallel, the sanitation of chronic foci of infection, analgesic therapy, immunomodulatory and restorative treatment are carried out. In some cases, I have to resort to a surgical operation - a cut of the tympanic membrane for elimination from the cavity of the middle ear of pus.

Principles of treatment of cervical cranialgia

Treatment of cervical cranialgia is primarily aimed at eliminating pain and muscle spasm in the neck. The treatment program includes medical therapy( NSAIDs, muscle relaxants, analgesics, chondroprotectors, B vitamins), and non-medicated correction( physiotherapy, therapeutic exercises, massage, manual therapy, osteopathy, reflexotherapy).The surgery is performed only in extreme cases - when the hernia of the cervical spine compresses the spinal cord.

Why shoot in my head: the most common causes of stunning cranialgia

Massage with cervical osteochondrosis can save you from the cataract cavernation of the cervicogenic nature of

. Considering all of the above, one very important conclusion can be made - it is necessary to treat the cataract that is causing cramping immediately after its occurrence. In this case, the success of therapy will be maximal, and the treatment is not too long and dangerous.