Metastases in the brain: treatment and life expectancy
- 08 Aug 03:15
Metastases in the brain represent brain tumors that appear from some organs and tissues that are found in completely different areas of the human body.
These types of tumors very often occur as a result of complications caused by conventional,, more typical malignant tumors. It is worth noting that such metastases often lead to the death of the patient.
- General information on metastases
- Symptoms of metastasis
- Diagnosis of brain
- Treatment methods: radiosurgery and radiation therapy
- Treatment with folk remedies
- Life expectancy
General information about
metastases Despite the fact that brain metastases are able to give practicalall existing malignant tumors, but there are those that metastasize much more often when compared to other tumors.
Most commonly, metastases in the human brain produce tumors of the kidneys, lungs, intestines, and mammary glands. In addition, quite often there is a so-called melanoma, that is, a malignant tumor of the skin.
Approximately 40-50% of the total number of tumors occupy metastatic brain tumors that begin to develop from pulmonary tumors. In 25-30% of cases, the cause of metastases in the brain is breast cancer.
As a rule, in the brain metastases occur in people aged 45 to 70 years, that is, in retirees. It should also be noted that women and men experience metastases with almost identical frequency, but at the same time, some individual tumors are found much more often in men, and vice versa, there are those types of metastases that are most often observed in female subjects.
For example, when it comes to lung cancer, males often serve as patients, while breast cancer is more common in the female sex. Today, such a disease affects about 15 people per 100,000 population throughout the year. Thus, we can conclude that the primary types of tumors occur somewhat less frequently.
The main symptoms are headache, seizures of the epileptic form, increased levels of intracranial pressure, vomiting and nausea. In order to carry out the diagnosis using a computer tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. In this case, MRI is used with contrast enhancement.
It should be noted that if time and at an early stage to carry out an effective diagnosis, then the patient's life expectancy will be significantly increased. In addition, there is an opportunity to achieve a certain regression of symptoms of a neurological nature.
Metastasis Appearance The main symptoms of metastases in the brain are listed above, but I would like to consider each of these features separately.
Headache. Approximately 50% of patients with such a disease at the very beginning feel rather strong headaches.
Increased intracranial pressure. In the vast majority of patients, signs of metastatic human brain tumors have increased pressure inside the cranial box.
It should be noted that this is felt as a serious headache that has a rebounding effect combined with vomiting and nausea. In addition, from time to time violates the human consciousness.
Nausea. Another symptom, which in many cases accompanies headaches. As a rule, such is observed in children of a young age, and has a rather stubborn character. Also, with nausea, there is a disturbance in consciousness up to the fact that a person can fall into a coma.
Seizures of the epileptic form. Such a symptom is observed in about 35% of patients with metastatic tumors. It should be noted that this symptom is typical for people older than 45 years.
Focal Neurological Symptoms. Virtually every type of tumor can be observed headaches, disturbances of consciousness, various seizures. Most of these symptoms depend, first of all, on where the malignant tumor is located.
For all this, symptoms begin to appear, which are called focal neurological. As a rule, such signs of metastases in the human brain are reflected on that side of the body, which is the opposite of the tumor itself.
For example, in a situation where the pulmonary metastases are located on the left side of the human brain, neurological symptoms will be observed on the opposite side, that is, on the right side. The main focal signs include the following: violation of coordination and movement of man, that is, paralysis of hands and feet, hearing, vision, speech, sensitivity is disturbed.
It should be noted that it is not entirely necessary that all of the above symptoms will manifest in each case. So, some patients, for example, will feel relatively weak signs of the disease, while for other lives they will turn into permanent suffering.
Diagnosis of the brain
In order to determine the presence or absence of metastases in the brain, the following study variants are used.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging. With the help of this type of research, it is possible to obtain layered images of the internal organs, and most importantly - the image has just the perfect level of quality and accuracy.
This principle is based on the patient's exposure to special electromagnetic waves in an extremely strong magnetic field, and at the very end the electromagnetic radiation is completely focused on the desired area of the human body. Then with the help of a computer and various programs. All information is handled properly.
Computer tomography is another method of detecting metastases in the brain. This type of study is carried out using an X-ray machine and doctors have the opportunity to get a layered image of both human organs and tissues.
This method is as follows: the required area of the brain is defined, that is, one that must be investigated, after which it is exposed to X-rays with different depths and angles. After that, all received information enters the computer, with absolute precision is processed and on the screen a picture of a certain layer of organs or tissues appears.
Methods of treatment: radiosurgery and radiation therapy
Radiosurgery. If we talk about this method of treatment, then it should be noted that here the system of stereotactic radiosurgery is used. A special place belongs to CyberNozhu, because it is he who is most effective not only to cure, but also to remove the unnecessary tumor that is present in the human brain.
The undisputed advantage of Cybernozh is that it is considered to be a very safe way, and therefore no life, the patient's health is virtually no threat to the patient. Also, the plus is that there are no unrealistic tasks for him, as doctors can remove both single brain metastases and several malignant tumors at once.
Radiosurgery is considered one of the most modern bloodless variants of the fight against metastases of tumors, which are originally formed, and then successfully develop in hard-to-reach areas of the human brain. At the present time, a robotic complex called Cyberniz is used quite often.
It should be noted that it is able to solve the most difficult tasks that can not be solved using methods of ordinary surgery or chemotherapy. Cyberneys have no competitors when it comes to the need to cure or completely remove a tumor that is larger than 2 centimeters in size.
The whole process of treatment, therefore, is that brain metastases, irrespective of where they are located, have been subjected to ionizing radiation of sufficiently serious power, while healthy cells that are in immediate proximity are absolutely unaffected.
Due to the fact that during this treatment all occurs without any hemorrhages, doctors are given the opportunity to simultaneously treat several brain metastases simultaneously. Approximately 1,500 beams of radiation with amazing accuracy are fitted. This result was achieved thanks to the fact that the system has a powerful computer system that actually provides such accuracy of radiation.
Treatment of metastasis with Cybernode is absolutely bloodless, painless, and also does not require the patient to rigidly fix his cranial box or attach the head to a special stereotactic frame. In addition, the auto-correction function performed by the robotic manipulator is an additional safety feature, which makes it able to respond to all, even the most insignificant movements of the patient.
Radiosurgery is carried out in specialist outpatient clinics and usually lasts about 5-10 sessions for 30-45 minutes each. It is also very convenient for the patient, because due to such a schedule there is no need to change your schedule, for example, to leave work or study.
Radiation Therapy. Metastases in the brain are also treated with radiotherapy, but only in those cases where the size of the tumor is small, that is, up to two centimeters. Also, this method of treatment is also used in those situations where it is possible to apply radiation of a linear accelerator, and thus there will be no risk to the health and life of the patient.
Today is actively using IMRT therapy, which is a modern and highly effective linear accelerator.
The essence of radiotherapy is that ionizing radiation completely destroys malignant unwanted cells. In the system there is a so-called petal collimator, which is responsible for the accuracy of dose delivery to the affected human tissue. Thus, healthy cells are completely protected against possible damage.
Radiation therapy courses have an average of about 10-30 sessions, each of which lasts about 30 minutes. The patient is provided with the most comfortable conditions, as during healing procedures he is in a comfortable position, and also completely no pain.
Treatment of folk remedies
Metastases in the brain can be cured not only through the above methods, where it is necessary to visit special clinics and ambulatory clinics, but also with the help of folk medicine.
For example, one of the most popular recipes is the following: you need to mix 75 grams of thyme grass, lime blossom, melissa and plantain, and add 100 grams of sage.
In the evening, add 2 tablespoons of this mixture to a hot thermos and pour 200 grams of boiled water. Infusion is necessary to take a night, and in the morning to strain it and give the patient to drink about 100 grams for 4 times during the day. In this case, you must use an infusion before eating.
Presence of metastases in the human brain can be prevented and with the help of infusion of dry grass celandine. In this case, 1 tbsp.lpour 0.5 liters of hot water, after which everything should be left until completely cooled. Then such an infusion should be strain and use approximately 2-3 times a day for 20-30 minutes before the start of meals. It is better to drink this infusion within 7-10 days, after which the patient takes a break for about 2 days and starts to take this folk remedy again.
When there is melanoma, doctors make predictions based on what degree of tumor malignancy is present in the patient. The easiest place to localize is the liver, so if metastases are present not in the brain, but in this organ, then the prognosis is most often safe.
When metastatic occurs in the brain, in about half of the cases, the patient's life expectancy is at most one year if the correct course of treatment is not taken. In cases where metastases of a single nature are observed, then a person can live for about 3 years.