Features of eating scabies in rabbits
- 06 Aug 17:45
- Features of the disease
- The pathogen and its development
- The main forms of the disease
- How to treat rabbits Psoroptosis
Ears of scabies in rabbits can occur in all breeds, but it is more prone to rabbits in the southern regions and areas where there are no long and stablefreezes. The disease is caused by mites. They usually affect the inner surface of the ear, hence the name of the disease.
Features of the Disease
Mostly affected mature females and males, but may also be at risk for young animals if their mother has mites. At first glance, ear scabies may not cause fear of the owner of animals: all individuals grow, gain weight, have a good appetite. However, this should be taken more seriously. If you do not treat the disease in the ears of rabbits, then the disease can be flock to the whole herd, then the consequences will be much worse. Ticks irritate and destroy the skin, the infection penetrates into the body and provokes otitis media. If the illness of the ears is started, then not only the ears and other parts of the body, but also the brain are affected. This can lead to central nervous system disease.
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The causative agent and its development
This earsick disease was called psoroptosis by the name of the pathogen. Psoroptes cuniculi - ticks that penetrate the skin and affect nerve nodes and ending. Additionally, blood vessels and capillaries are affected. The main working organ of ticks, which helps them penetrate the skin, is a conical mouth adapted to pierce the layers of the epidermis. The most common mites of psoroptosis of rabbits will not be seen with the usual eye, their size does not reach even 1 mm. Have a body in the form of an oval, a color from light yellow to dark. Propagate, postponing a large number of eggs. Males develop about 20 days, and females - 25. Foreskin developed better. On the legs are suckers and bristles.
The development of an anesthetist is as follows. Adult females produce up to 60 eggs, sticking them with a viscous substance to scales of the skin. Good conditions for development - humidity not more than 85% at a temperature of 36 ° С.On the 7th day after laying eggs there are larvae with 6 paws. Later they turn into nymphs, which, mowing, become mites of adults. Parasitic on rabbits for about 2 months.
Animals with insufficient mass are more prone to psoropathy, as their horny skin is tired. This creates a comfortable environment for pathogens. Pregnant animals have healthy skin and can well resist mites.
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Major forms of the disease
The following forms are established for severity:
How to treat
This is one of the few diseases that can be cured until fully recovered without the help of a specialized veterinarian.
Amitrazine is a great help. The drug is non-toxic, animals tolerate its effects well, the active substances of the drug affect the mites. Struck skin is softened due to anti-inflammatory and bactericidal properties of the drug. In the event of cracks in the ears, wounds or combed areas, small burns may occur. Cups should be pre-soaked with iodine solution with glycerol. Treat and clean the eyelids, then scoop up Amitrazine. To avoid burn, dip one time in 3 days. Usually enough one treatment, but in case of observation of residual effects, the procedure is repeated. After processing, the original appearance of the ears returns, the blackness and the bad smell disappear. When launched, the formation of scars from mites bites is possible.
Many rabbits use a different method. It will take kerosene and vegetable oil. Kerosene is an active substance, but its application in its pure form causes strong irritation, therefore vegetable oil is added to soften. Ingredients are mixed in equal proportions. The resulting solution is treated with auricles, cautiously massaged damaged areas. A day later a review is conducted.
Acaricidal sprays and aerosol foams are widely used. Treatment with such preparations should be carried out at a distance of 8 cm for 2 seconds. Treatment should be done 3 times at intervals of 7 days.
Such treatment does not affect eggs, so treatment should be done cyclically, as hatching eggs.
In case of infection with the whole herd, it is very difficult to deal with the disease, since it is necessary to process the treatment simultaneously, and at a large farm it will take a lot of time and effort. In such cases, the treatment is carried out in the winter, as the viability of ticks at minus temperature outside the area of the body of the rabbit is reduced to zero. Adult females and males make injections of Ivermec. Medications have a wide range of effects, but young animals are not recommended for small amounts of live weight.
A rabbit can get infected through food, eating grass or hay. Sino is a favorite spot for cats and mice that are carriers of ticks. Scabies are transmitted from one person to another through direct contact. The infection is transmitted and through the objects that the cell where the animals were infected. After processing the rabbit, it is necessary to process and its cage, otherwise treatment does not make sense.
From other animals, the probability of infection is zero, since each species has its own parasite.
You need to regularly process all the objects with which the rabbits are in contact. Just bought rabbits necessarily arranged quarantine.
Care must be taken when paired with animals from another's flock. If there is no way to completely exclude contact, you need to review someone else's rabbit. After pairing, all who came in contact with strangers should be put in quarantine. The sick animals are kept in individual light rooms, in a dry and clean environment. The air should be fresh, but the draft can not be allowed.
Often, mothers infect their children, therefore, as a preventive measure, the female needs to treat her ears with a solution, even if she does not have any signs of the disease. Before the overnight, it is necessary to carry out thorough cleaning and treatment of cells, disinfecting feeders, drinking water and all the equipment every 8 days. A healthy rabbit has a good appetite, it is mobile, energetic, the animal's fur is shining in the eyes and the nose is not observed crust.
Announce the struggle of mice, rats and flies. It should be remembered that without a bunny's body, the mite will not live for a long time. Steaming the grain will instantly eliminate the parasite.
Psoroptosis causes significant damage to rabbit farms, which is reflected in lowering the productivity and productivity of rabbits, as well as in the high death of young animals.
Ears of animals and prone to scabies. This is a constant parasite. Mice spend most of their lives in the epidermis, and they only go outside for a short period of time.
All diseases of the ears of rabbits can be easily detected on their own. In the case of difficulties in determining the diagnosis, you need to seek help from a specialist. Detection of the disease at an early stage is easier to treat and excludes the possibility of complications.