Bites of mites - symptoms, treatment, prevention, photo
- 03 Aug 13:30
- Disease Of The Skin
Tweezers are small insects that belong to the spider-part. The average body length is barely reaching 0.5 mm, so the parasite can not be easily seen on the body.
Mites are activated in the spring and early summer, and they do not like the dampness, so the risk of bitesgrows in dry and warm weather. Since the mite is bled in the morning, a substance that gives an anesthetic effect is injected, the moment of attack of an insect is absolutely imperceptible to a person.
Important! Blood circulation ticks spread throughout the planet. By itself, a tick bite does not pose a particular danger to humans. However, in case of damage to the skin, the mite can cause a dangerous infection in the body, therefore it is necessary to beware of the bites of these insects.
In our latitudes, the European forest and taiga mite are the greatest danger. These spider-like species are parasites and eat blood. Moreover, their size substantially differs in the greater part from other types of ticks, their body can reach a length of 3 mm.
The mite's body is covered with a hard chitin shell, however, the armpit is absent on the abdomen, so, by drinking blood, the mite is swollen, significantly increasing in size.
- 1 When the risk of a bite increases?
- 2 What are the insect's body locations most often?
- 3 What is the risk of such a wound?
- 3.1 viral Encephalitis
- 3.2 Lyme disease
- 3.3 Typhoid fever
- 3.4 Ku-fever
- 3.5 Haemorrhagic fever
- 4. What to do if the body is spider-shaped?
- 4.1 Types of Removal of
- Prevention 6 Photo
When is the risk of a bite rising?
Blood mites are activated by mid-spring when stable and warm weather is established. In May-June, their number increases significantly, and the risk of bites increases. By the middle of summer, most adults are dying, but individual specimens can survive until autumn, so the risk of being bitten by the tick remains throughout the warm season.
A tick is waiting for its victim, being on a grass or a leaf of a shrub. Above half a meter from the ground these insects, as a rule, are not removed. Zohar does not have mites and choose their victim for smell.
If a person or an animal passes by the location of the tick, the insect quickly clings to the body or the victim's clothes with the paws. Since the tick on the paws have hooks, then the clutch is very quick and high-quality.
It's worth remembering! Despite the fact that ticks are often found on the neck or head, the insect never falls on a person from above. Just the mite moves along the body, choosing the most convenient place for a bite.
What are the insect's body locations most often?
Ticks tend to choose a bite spot on the body, in which the skin is most subtle and soft.
- skin behind the ears;
- skin on the neck;
- skin of the inner surfaces of the elbow and knee joints;
- inner side of the shin and thigh;
What is the risk of such a wound?
The tick bite itself is not dangerous. Serious consequences after a bite can occur only if an insect has been infected. Infection of the mite itself occurs during the bite of a sick person or animal. Of course, an insect does not contract, it simply becomes the carrier of an infectious agent, infecting its further victims.
During a tick bite releases saliva. This liquid is very important for the tick, as it solves two problems at once. First, with the help of saliva, the proboscis is firmly glued to the body of the victim. Secondly, the tick mite is a natural analgesic, under the influence of which the puncture of the skin passes painlessly to the victim. In addition, due to mites saliva, local immunity is reduced at the bite site, which contributes to the spread of infection.
This disease, which is the cause of mites, affects the nervous system. When severe encephalitis develops paralysis, possible fatal outcome.
There are several types of encephalitis. Thus, the infection, which is common in the European part of the country, is not severe, the mortality rate is about 2%.But encephalitis, common in the Far East, is more severe, and almost one third of the patients die.
The ticks are infected by the virus, mainly from small rodents, and then at bites transmit an infection to a person.
Lyme disease is a spirochete worn by ticks. This disease has a chronic course, and, virtually all systemic organisms are affected.
Infection with Lyme disease occurs only through mite ingestion, that is, a sick person does not pose a danger to others.
This is a whole group of diseases caused by various types of spirochetes. Mite Typhoon is more common in Southern Eurasia, Africa and South America. For some parts of South America, it is also characterized by a kind of typhus, like Brazilian, as well as spotted fever. But the carriers of the spotted fever may be and the lice. The ticks are not only the carriers of this type of typhus, but also transmit the infection to their offspring. Human infection occurs at the time of the bite.
The source of this disease is animals. A tick can transmit an infection to a person after the blood of an infected animal has been drunk. The pathogen is ku-fever and transmitted to the offspring of ticks.
It is possible to get infected through a bite of a tick and several forms of hemorrhagic fever. This is, first of all, the Crimean form, which is spread not only in the Crimea, but also in the countries of Central Asia. Also, often there is a hemorrhagic fever with a renal syndrome. This form is common throughout Eurasia.
What should I do if my body is spider-shaped?
The very moment of a bite, as a rule, passes imperceptibly, so the tick is detected in a few hours, or even days after the bite. Drinking blood, the tick is significantly increased in size, so it is easy to detect.
If a mite is detected, it is necessary to get it from the wound and disinfect the bite site. It is strictly forbidden to press the mite, as in this case, viruses that are in the body of the insect, almost certainly fall into the morning.
If possible, you should take the victim to the emergency room. There, the specialist not only gently removes the mite and treats the wound, but also sends an insect to the analysis to find out the infected mite.
In the absence of the opportunity to go to a medical facility, you should carefully pull the insect yourself.
Methods for Removing
There are several simple ways to remove a mite from the wound without damaging it. The fact is that when a bite of a tick completely immerses his head in the thickness of the skin, and respiratory functions are carried out at the expense of the moves located in the back of the body of the insect.
You can dip onto the outside of the tick skin with vegetable oil gently. The oil will block the flow of air, so the mite will be forced out of the outside, so it will be easier to extract it. You can use kerosene instead of oil, but this substance should be used with caution, so as not to cause skin irritation.
If you have a candle on hand, you need to burn it and gently, drop it with melt wax( or paraffin wax) onto the pin without letting it burn. As a result, the mite, deprived of breathing, will begin to go outside.
Removing a mite is recommended using a tweezers. In the extreme case, you can wrap your fingers with a bandage or use gloves. The tick should not be delayed, but carefully wound from the wound.
You can try out a mite using a thread. For this, a loop is made on the thread, which is tightened to the proboscis of the mite. Now you need to gently pull the ends of the thread to the right and left, seeking a mite out. This method is rather inconvenient by the fact that one needs to accurately calculate the effort. If you pull the needle too much, you can achieve that the abdomen will break off, and the head will be under the skin.
You can pull a mite using a special spoon, which can be purchased at the pharmacy.
Important! When extracting a tick it is better to close the nose and mouth with a medical bandage. The fact is that if the tick is accidentally crushed, then the aerosol viruses will get into the air. And at the inhalation of this aerosol possible occurrence of asthmatic or allergic syndromes.
In the event that, when extracting the tick, the abdomen of the insect is torn off, it is necessary to rub the place of the bite with alcohol. After that, take a sterile needle( wipe with alcohol or fry on fire) and gently pull the head, acting in the same way as removing the usual stigma.
After removing the tick, the bite's location should be disinfected using any disinfectant solution. And the mite itself is best placed in a densely sealed container and delivered to the laboratory for an analysis of the infection. If this is not possible( for example, in the original conditions), then the insect is better to burn.
Urgent medical attention should be sought if following tick bite:
- at the site of the bite there are signs of inflammation;
- temperature rises;
- increased lymph nodes;
- appeared muscular or regular headaches;
- on the body rash.
To protect against tick bites, care must be taken when traveling to nature.
If it is impossible to use anti-cancer immunoglobulin( presence of contraindications, derivative conditions, etc.), it is necessary to take an antiviral drug Anaferon. This tool must necessarily be included in the original first aid kit for travels in epidemically unsuccessful areas. The prophylactic course of Anaferone after a tick bite is 21 days.