Disease of Pasteurleoz in Chickens: Symptoms and Methods of Fighting
- 03 Aug 09:45
Pasteurleozes is a very serious, acute infectious disease that affects all birds. Often it takes place in a chronic form. Chicken pasteuriosis often occurs as a result of infection from wild birds, such as rooks, sparrows, pigeons. How to protect yourchickens and chickens from this illness, let's talk about this article.
- 1 Description
- 2 Symptoms of
- 2.1 Symptoms of acute form of pasteurse:
- 2.2 Symptoms of chronic form of pasterelosis:
- 3 Methods of struggle
- 4 Video "Speech of a specialist about birds pastureling"
Pasteurleoz is a disease that occurs as a result of infectionpoultry gram-negative bacteria. If you look at a pathogen under a special microscope, then its body has the form of an oval, a static form without the formation of a spore. Pasteurellas have different types and different antigenic structure, which is the complexity of their treatment. In domestic chickens the type A is most commonly classified by Carter classification. It is especially striking for young and chickens aged 78 to 120 days.
Infection of domestic chickens can occur through communication with wild birds, as well as with sick individuals. In this case, the agent for a long time may be inactive form indoors, litter, inventory. That is why it's important to keep track of the cleanliness of the puppy, as well as to take various preventive measures.
Symptoms of the manifestation of
As we have already said, the disease can occur in two forms. Of course, in case of improper conditions of retention, as well as in poor feed, pasteurellosis is most often acute. At the same time the bird becomes sluggish, oppressed, it loses appetite. In the later stages of the lungs are heard wheezing, the bird is breathing hard, sitting for a long time in one place, foamy fluid is released from the nose and mouth.
Chicken pasterelosis is manifested quickly and always accompanied by a whole set of symptoms, so it is easy to distinguish from other infectious diseases.
Symptoms of acute form of pasteurse:
- dull and shrunk feathers;
- gray contamination with a mixture of blood;
- foamy mucus in the mouth and in the nose;
- heavy breathing, wheezing;
- lameness and lethargy;
- body temperature up to 43 C.
For all this symptom set, the bird usually dies for three days. However, pasterelosis can occur in chronic form, for example, showing only a few signs. In this case, the chicken may become sick for up to a month, after which it also suddenly dies.
Symptoms of chronic form of pasterelosis:
- inflammation of the joints of the legs;
- darkening of beards and ridges;
- increase of crests and earrings;
- depression, poor appetite.
At the first symptoms of the disease, the bird needs to be placed immediately in a separate cell and start treatment. However, rarely the owners take up the treatment of pasterelosis, as even when taking medications the bird often still dies.
Methods of struggle
Let's say immediately that according to the rules of the sanitary-epidemiological station and the veterinary union, it is prohibited to treat pasteurellosis in poultry, including chickens. The bird is usually destroyed to prevent another further flock infestation. This is due to the fact that in the treatment of the disease often becomes chronic and the bird is a long-term carrier of infection.
However, in the first stages, one can try to save the chicken with a solution of tetracycline, an aqueous solution of norsulfazole. It is best to warn pasteurellosis, as it is difficult to treat it. Bird accommodation must be regularly cleaned and disinfected by lime. Feeders and drinkers should also be constantly cleaned. In poultry farms, all chickens are vaccinated, regularly given antibiotics and immunomodulatory drugs.