Chestnut sowing. Photo and description of the tree. The chemical composition of chestnut nuts
- 02 Aug 18:15
Has several names: edible, noble( Castanea savita), also called sowing - any of the subspecies is a beech family.
Chestnut - is a fairly large tree with falling leaves. On average, the height of such a tree reaches 35-40 m in height. It has a powerful, almost straightforwardbarrel, with a diameter of about 2 meters. The bark of a dark brown colored tree, along which there are cracks. The branches are scattered widely, which makes the tree larger and more bulky.
Chestnut leaves of oblong form, with scabbards around the edges. The length of the sheet is 25 cm and the width is 10 cm. Painted in a dark green color, dissolve until April of the month.
Chestnut - flowering tree. Flowering usually occurs in June. Flowers are small, take a spiky form.
Fruit of chestnut - a nut, which is placed in a spherical shell with spines. When the ripening of the nut is completely completed, the plush( shell) breaks down. Chestnut contains seeds of cream or white color, they have a sweet taste, loose and fat in composition, they can be eaten. Chestnut begins to bear fruit in October or early November, when the leaves begin to fall from the tree.
Produce the culture possibly by planting seeds, cuttings. The culture is dug through insects, bees, and with the help of wind.
Fruits The tree begins to bring for 3-6 years of life. The older the chestnut, the more it brings the fruits. After reaching 40 years of age, it is really possible to harvest about 70 kg of the crop from the chestnut.
A chestnut tree lives for quite a long time. In some exceptional cases, he survives up to 1,000 years. In the Caucasus, chestnut trees that have lived for 500 years are common.
Europe( Southeast), the peninsula of Asia Minor - are considered to be the birthplace of culture. Now chestnut grows in Ukraine, in Dagestan. The Caucasus and Moldova also sheltered chestnut in their lands. Chestnut is also found in the south of the Crimea.
Edible chestnut grows well in soil, where there is no lime, loves heat and moisture. Very difficult to withstand drought.
Application of chestnut nuts and its composition
Chestnut nuts are in full use as a food product. They can be used as raw, and cook in any way - fry, bake, cook. It all depends on the flight of the chef fantasy. Also, nuts are added to baking, confectionery. From dry ground seeds you can bake bread. Seeds can also be used for cooking coffee, one of them is alcohol.
Chestnut is rich in vitamins, as well as macro and microelements, such as potassium, magnesium, calcium, zinc, manganese, copper, phosphorus and iron. Another part of the nut includes ash, water, cholesterol.