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Hemorrhoid Treatment

All the most important is the delicate illness of the anus

Hemorrhoids - a very versatile and often underestimated pathology of the rectum, which is directly related to changes in the size of the veins that provide a flow of blood from this organ. Naturally, the patient, having first heard of a diagnosis, wants to know everything about hemorrhoids,

, from the causes of its occurrence and ending with complications.

Contents

  • 1 Causes of pathology development
  • 2 Types and stages of the disease
  • 3 Major complaints of
  • 4 Methods of diagnosis
  • 5 How to treat
  • 6
  • prevention recommendations 7 Possible complications of

Causes of pathology

Hemorrhoids are directly associated with the fact that-In stagnant phenomena in the small pelvis, the lumen of the rectum veins is greatly increased, where uncontrolled blood begins to accumulate. It turns out a kind of closed circle: the veins are expanding because of the fact that they accumulate blood, and blood accumulates because the veins lose their tone and expand. But it should be borne in mind that such stagnation is not formed in a few minutes, but usually develops for several years, and sometimes for decades, without showing anything.

All the most important is the delicate illness of the anus The reasons for the development of stagnation are usually the following:

  • job associated with a small amount of physical activity, ie office or standing work( managers, hairdressers, salespeople, etc.);
  • is a consumption of harmful food that injures the gut mucosa in its composition and only increases the flow of blood to the veins;
  • is a frequent stagnation of the feces in the rectum that may be formed due to malnutrition and may occur in the background or other neurological disorders;
  • for the female part of the population is a provocative factor in pregnancy and the process of childbirth, which results in the body undergoes enormous loads;
  • is a frequent risk factor for men - a hard physical work associated with the transfer of heavy objects.

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Types and stages of the disease

Hemorrhoids are commonly divided into several types and stages, and the approach to therapy often depends on the stage of the pathology and its types.

All the most important is the delicate illness of the anus So, according to the types distinguish three types of hemorrhoids:

  • External - in this case, constipation of the veins around the anus and is usually well visible to the doctor and the patient.
  • Inside - in this case, the cones are inside the rectum, and therefore, when viewed, can be ignored - they are simply not visible.
  • Combined - in this case, it is possible to detect both internal and external hemorrhoids at the same time.
  • The disease is characterized by four main stages of the disease, which, albeit slightly, but differ from each other, at the same time, also greatly influences what therapy will ultimately determine the doctor.

    All the most important is the delicate illness of the anus Stages have the following differences:

    • stage I - Hemorrhoids can not manifest themselves or cause slight discomfort that is ignored by many patients;
    • II stage - the first episodes of dropping nodes from the rectum occur, but the veins are still capable of accepting the initial state independently;
    • III stage - at this stage, the tone of veins is completely lost, because hemorrhoidal nodes that have fallen have to be turned back in place with the help of hands;
    • IV stage - at this stage, even the manual return of the nodes no longer produces an effect, whether the load ends with the collapse of the nodes.

    The main complaints of

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    Hemorrhoids is an insidious pathology that often has a significant effect on its treatment. Symptoms can be absent for a long time, and when a person turns to a doctor - making conservative measures for the treatment of pathology may be too late.

    All the most important is the delicate illness of the anus

    Severe pain in the anus during and after bowel movement signals the development of hemorrhoids

    In order to detect the disease in the early stages, attention should be paid to the following symptoms:

  • The appearance of a feeling of strangulation in the rectum is something alien, which should not be there. General condition of incomplete emptying of the intestine after the act of defecation, discomfort in the anal area.
  • Appearance of itching and burning sensations in the anus, which often lead to comb and significantly reduce the quality of life of the sick person.
  • The appearance of pain, which initially can be observed only when trying to empty the intestine or prolonged standing, sitting, and then, as progression of pathology, will cause discomfort almost always, drawing attention.
  • The appearance of constipation, which is not only the cause of hemorrhoids, but also one of its symptoms.
  • Complaints about the appearance of blood or mucus in the fecal masses, with the appearance of bloody discharge can be explained by the fact that hard hawk injures hemorrhoidal cones.
  • Most of the symptoms are successfully overlooked by patients until the pain becomes unbearable or until the first time in the feces, there is no blood that usually scares the most.

    This approach is fundamentally incorrect, since it does not prevent the development of the disease. If you experience the first symptoms, such as discomfort and overcrowding, do not hesitate to contact a doctor for help.

    Methods of diagnosing

    An important element of the treatment of the disease is its diagnosis, which should be addressed with all seriousness. The severity of the diagnosis is due to the fact that the hemorrhoids on the symptoms are similar to some other rectal pathologies, and the approaches to treatment often vary greatly.

    All the most important is the delicate illness of the anus

    Retromanoscopy allows you to establish the exact diagnosis of

    To determine the exact diagnosis using the following measures:

  • Survey the patient about his lifestyle, the first symptoms of the pathology, duration of these symptoms, work. Find out the possible factors that could provoke the appearance of stagnation in a small basin.
  • Conduct a finger rectal study that helps determine the condition of the mucosa and in some cases even affect and assess the state of hemorrhoids.
  • Perform anoscopy or recto-monoscopy, which helps to inspect the intestinal mucosa from the inside, to assess the degree of injury, if necessary, to distinguish hemorrhoids from polyps or tumors.
  • Conduct an X-ray examination with contrast, which will provide information on the status of nodes, their sizes.
  • A diagnosis can only be performed after diagnostic measures, as placing a patient on hemorrhoids based on complaints is an incorrect approach.

    How to treat

    disease It is possible to talk about hemorrhoids treatment for a very long time, as modern medicine and folk medicine can offer a huge number of methods and approaches to therapy.

    All the most important is the delicate illness of the anus

    In order to avoid recurrence of disease, it is necessary to conduct an active lifestyle of

    . There are four main branches that can be used as therapeutic directions:

  • Lifestyle change - this approach is recommended to patients in the event that the disease has been diagnosed in the first stage and not yetthe need to use medication or radical remedies.
  • Medication therapy usually well manifests itself at the first-second stage of the pathology, but it may also be effective in more unexpected cases. It all depends on the individual characteristics of the body. Basically used candles and ointments, but can also be prescribed and tablets systemic action.
  • Surgical intervention is performed in cases where the disease is strongly triggered, and drug therapy obviously does not give any positive effects.
  • Folk medicine is used in the treatment of hemorrhoids to date, but its use is recommended as an auxiliary measure against a background of medical or surgical treatment.
  • Choosing a method for treating hemorrhoids, the patient should listen to the doctor and carefully follow all his recommendations. Self-treatment in this pathology is unacceptable.

    Recommendations for the Prevention of

    All the most important is the delicate illness of the anus Important elements in the treatment of hemorrhoids is its timely prevention. In general, you can give such recommendations, which significantly reduce the risk of developing the disease:

    • must be mobile, lending a minimum of half an hour a day at walking pace at an average pace;
    • will have to change the diet by adding vegetables, fruits and fiber to it, giving up fast food;
    • prevention of hemorrhoids eliminates alcohol consumption, as alcoholic beverages increase the flow of blood into a small pelvis;
    • for women during pregnancy and after childbirth can recommend a series of exercises that will help prevent stagnation of blood in the pelvis;
    • should be carefully considered for the prevention of constipation, if necessary, use of medicines to solve this problem;
    • can not be forgotten about the thorough hygiene of the anus, as neglect of the elementary rules increases the risk of developing infectious processes.

    Timely and competent prevention will help prevent the risk of hemorrhoids formation.

    Possible complications of

    If the treatment does not take time in a timely manner, then there is a risk of developing complications, some of which may well endanger life.

    The complications of this pathology include:

    • formation of blood clots in hemorrhoidal cones, which may be accompanied by inflammation of cones, but may occur without it;
    • severe episodes of bleeding from a damaged node;
    • inflammatory processes in cellular spaces( paraproctitis);
    • development of necrotic processes.

    You can prevent the development of complications if you contact your doctor in due time and begin treatment for the disease.