What diseases of rabbits can be dangerous for a person
- 01 Aug 15:15
- symptoms of diseases and their prevention
- Parasitic diseases Helminthiasis and cysticercosis
- Parasitic diseases Fasciolosis and scabies
- Infections pasteurellosis and listeriosis
- infectious disease tularemia and rhinitis
Manysure that rabbits - are safe animals,diseases of rabbits, dangerous to humans, simply do not exist. However, this is a profound mistake. Rabbits, like all animals, need to be inspected and nursed, properly eaten, vaccinated and prevented.
Symptoms of diseases and their prevention
The main guarantee of the health of rabbits is the cleanliness of the cells, which requires careful monitoring. Avoidance of infectious diseases will help the absence of drafts. Rabbits can not definitely give cold water and frozen root crops. Drinking water should be cleaned to prevent parasites from getting infected.
The main danger of the disease of rabbits is that they are dangerous for humans. Among the main symptoms that are said and that the pupil is ill, distinguish:
- ulcers on the skin;
- a sharp change in behavior;
- excessive drinking;
- breathing problems;
- poor condition of wool;
- discharge from the eyes and nose;
- frequent defecation;
If you have these symptoms, you should contact your veterinarian and minimize contact with the animal to avoid contamination. New animals after the purchase is desirable to put quarantine for 2 weeks. The easiest way to prevent infection is to vaccinate. One week before the vaccine, you need to treat rabbits from worms and fleas, as they reduce the effectiveness of the vaccine. Within 2 weeks after rabbits infestation, it is prohibited to bathe and expose drafts.
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Parasitic diseases of helminthiasis and cysticercosis
Helminths reduce the body weight of the rabbit, impair the intestinal function, and have health-threatening complications. Rabbits are infected by sick animals, through grass or water. Symptoms of the disease may be absent. However, when a rabbit eats a lot, but loses weight, you can suspect the presence of helminths in his body. The indicator is poor quality wool. Identifying the presence of pests will help the analysis, and get rid of them can be different medications that appoint a veterinarian.
Cysticercosis is a very common parasitic disease common to rabbits. It is similar to hepatitis, it is caused by larvae of cestodes, which parasitize in the intestine. Often, larvae can be detected on the serous surfaces of the thoracic and abdominal cavity, and sometimes there is a defeat of the brain. The rabbit looks depressed, eats poorly, cripples, loses weight. There is anemia, icterus of the mucous membranes. During the week, the rabbit may die.
Most infections occur through grass. The larvae are extremely viable. The most commonly susceptible to the disease are small rabbits in the age of 3 months. For prevention of infection in the feed add 10% -mebestve granulate. Treatment is carried out with the help of homoeopathic and homotoxicological drugs, which will appoint a veterinarian. The disease is fleeting, therefore it is necessary to act in a timely manner. Vaccination with Arecoline or Fenesal helps to prevent infection.
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Parasitic diseases fasciolysis and scabies
Scabies of Sarcoptes scarabiei is an agent of such a dangerous disease as scabies. The tick saves itself, lays eggs in the body of the animal that causes itching. Most often, auricles are amazed. The disease is very contagious, both for other individuals, and for people.
Symptoms are wounds, reddening, brown corneas in the ears, persistent itching and the desire of the rabbit to itch. Treating and removing ticks helps cleanse the crust of turpentine. Remove cracked scones with a tweezers and burn them to prevent contamination. Repeat the procedure once a week, surely wash the cell with creolin solution. The disease is dangerous because in the wounds that are formed from scratches, the infection can penetrate. A person must carefully follow hygiene measures after contact with a diseased rabbit.
Another dangerous parasitic disease of rabbits is fasciolysis, which is caused by trematodes that parasitize in the liver. A pest can put off many eggs, which is extremely dangerous to the life of the animal.
The presence of a parasite is characterized by symptoms such as depressed state, refusal of food, mild yellowing of the mucous membranes. Because of the large number of parasites, the volume of the liver increases, which is detected even with palpation. Treatment is carried out with carbon tetrachloride( 0.3-0.4 ml per 1 kg of weight).To prevent the disease, you can not allow animals to eat grass from the marsh and in no case do not drink such water.
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Infectious Diseases of Pasteurleozes and Listeriosis
Pasteurleoz( hemorrhagic septicemia) is a severe infectious disease characterized by inflammation of all internal organs. The disease is widespread throughout the world. Most often it affects one person and does not lead to an epidemic. Infection is possible through water.
The disease has a typical and atypical form. The first species is extremely dangerous, it is not curable and ends with the death of the animal. Infected rabbit should be slaughtered, burn its litter and food, cage carefully disinfected. The healthy animals that had contact with it, enter the intramuscularly solution of oxytetracycline( 1 ml per 1 kg of weight).Symptoms may be high fever, its sharp drop before death, abandonment of food, accelerated uneven respiration, diarrhea and serous discharge from the nose.
Atypical form on the body of the rabbit, there are several local filled bagasse, which themselves reveal and pass through a month. The feeling, as a rule, does not change, the animal does not die. Early proper treatment promotes rapid healing. Intramuscularly administered sulfanilamide preparations and antibiotics such as biomycin, neomycin, or tetracycline are administered intramuscularly to the rabbit. Medications give 2 times a day for 4 days.
Listeriosis refers to dangerous diseases that affect the liver. The disease is extremely dangerous for a person. Mostly affects pregnant individuals. The disease has an acute, chronic and over-acute stage. In the latter case, the death of an animal is most common. Sharp form takes life of the fetus with its miscarriage, leads to paralysis of limbs and death of females. In chronic form, the fruit dies inside the womb and rottles there. The female may survive, but will no longer be able to give birth to children.
Infection comes from other animals. The disease is extremely dangerous, so the diseased animals are immediately isolated and killed, corpses are burned. To prevent this dangerous disease, the vaccine "AUF" is used, which gives immunity for 5 months. Currently no treatment has been developed. It should be remembered that the disease presents a danger to other animals and humans.
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Infectious Diseases of Tularemia and Rhinitis
Tularemia is a very dangerous infectious disease. The main carriers are called mice and rats, as well as rabbit lice. This disease is very easily transmitted to people. The disease is accompanied by an increase in lymph nodes, fever, paralysis. Pregnant females drop fruit. Most often young people are ill.
After the disease in the animal there is immunity for life, although the mortality of the rabbits from tularemia is extremely high. Patients of rabbits need to be isolated and killed, destroying corpses. To take grass and water for food and drink in places where an epidemic of illness is detected is prohibited.
Another dangerous and contagious disease is infectious rhinitis. It is caused by damage to the nasal mucus by the microbes that are constantly present in the nose of rabbits. Signs of the disease are sneezing, inflammation of the nose, the animals rub it with paws. Sometimes the disease may take a chronic form, affect the internal organs and cause the death of the rabbit. Heavy animals are better off to avoid epidemics. Patients with a mild form of treatment are diluted in physical solution with 1% -examonovocillin( 1: 2).Drugs are administered every day, with 6 drops per nostril.
Diseases of rabbits represent a dangerous situation for a person when it is easy to get infected, or parasites in contact with a diseased animal, or infections that are easily transmitted when they reach the mucous membranes.
In order to avoid contamination, hygiene, cleansing of cages should be kept, remember that prevention is always easier to treat.