Induces: Breeding, maintenance, care
- 31 Jul 18:30
muscovy duck( indokachka, barbaryyskaya duck) - wood variety of waterfowl, which inancient time domesticated Aztecs inTo latin americaIt was then taken to Africa, Europe, and gradually it spread throughout the world. In the former USSR, indukts fell in the early 80's of the twentieth century. Now the breed is undergoing a new wave of popularity among poultry farmers, and for successful breeding, the farmer must know the basics of proper care and feeding of pupils.
Characteristics of the appearance and habits of
Representatives of muscovite species look original. The appearance of these birds is characterized by:
- wide chest;
- with short neck and legs;
- long muscular wings that fit tight;
- long pointed claws, which are located on the limbs.
Color - monochrome( white, brown, blue) and mixed( wild, combination of other colors).
Indoucci are calm, durable and enduring. They are unpretentious to the conditions of care and feeding. They are kept in the shed and in the winter. They do not suffer from many of those infections that are common among waterfowl. When kept at home, these birds do not even need a pond. On the farm keep away from other inhabitants of the bird's court, by the nature silent.
Adult weight( kg):
- Selyza - 5-6;
- ducks - 2.5-3.
Birds give red dietetic meat, lean( fat is 24-26 percent).It is valued by the gastronomy, tender and juicy, without a specific smell and taste. The percentage of muscle tissue is higher than in other breeds: it reaches 54%.The exit of carcasses from spleens is 700-800 grams, in ducks - 350-400 grams.
Eggs in this breed are large, the protein is tight, and the size of yolk is larger than that of other domestic varieties. Characterized by the best taste properties of duck egg products. Insecure - from 90 to 120 pieces a year, the weight of eggs - from 75 grams.
Indoors are used to produce a homeopathic remedy called ocyclococcine. It is used as a cure for colds.
This breed is good chops, they are used for the removal of chicks, chicken, goose eggs. Indoors mate with other breeds and give offspring. These hybrids are called mullahs, they are barren. Characterized by fast-growing, the weight up to the time of slaughter reaches 4 kilograms, and the fat content of meat is 30 percent. In Europe, mullards are fed to get foie gras.
Indoucts are omnivorous. At home, they feed:
- crops( oats, wheat, corn and pre-soaked barley);
- vegetation( finely chopped herbs, beetroot heifers);
- vitamins and minerals( peeled turtles, chalk, egg shell);
- is a salt that dissolves in water and mixes it with moist foods.
Otari do not give hot food or water( even in winter). It is important that the livestock eats gravel to improve digestion. In the winter, when the herd does not go to the street, poultry keep the fragments of granite in the feeder.
The maintenance conditions for
When caring for indoots, it is important to keep clean. Poultry keepers are to ensure that there are no pieces of glass and metal in the walking area. Birds are interested in brilliant objects, swallow them and may perish. Instead of sitting down, they put logs in the room. In the winter you can bring spruce branches.
In winter, and in the summer, it is important for the visitor to be ventilated and there is no overcrowding( no more than 3 heads per square meter). Farmers regularly disinfect premises for the maintenance and breeding of musk ducks. In this breed is weak secretion of sebaceous glands, so in winter birds are not allowed to swim. At low temperatures, feathers are covered with ice, and this threatens the death of the livestock.
Three to four females are kept for breeding indoors in a herd for a single spin. Ducks are ready to multiply by 196-200 day of life. Sexual maturation of males occurs later - at 20 weeks, so it is better to choose salmon for one and a half months older than ducks. Early egg hurting birds' health. Limit their diet and do not make the lighting in the barn bright.
After a rest period in winter, females lay eggs at the end of March. Ducks start the eggs from early morning. It lasts up to 3 hours a day. Her peak is at 10 o'clock in the morning. Motherwort consists of youngsters of spring-summer output.
Representatives of the musky variety sit well on the eggs and then drive hatching chicks.
Appearance from eggs occurs at 32-35 days. During the season, the female produces up to 2-3 broods, each of which 20-22 heads of young. In this period it is better to separate it from the rest of the herd, to create calm conditions and loneliness. With such a maintenance it is necessary to provide conditions for feeding and drinking water.
Conditions for young
After the emergence of chicks, the poultry chooses:
- Leave the young with his mother. So do if the duck is already experienced and knows how to manage the chicks. Survival in this case will be 100 percent.
- Take ducklings. This is what they do when they plan to deliver the brood for fattening, and then to slaughter.
To help growers grow healthy and with good productive performance, farmers monitor compliance with the conditions of care:
- Do not allow drafts and sharp fluctuations in temperature( especially in winter).
- Do not release immediately on open ponds if the chicks are taken out of the incubator or taken immediately from the mother. In this case, the duck did not treat them as a secret of their fatty glands, and they will catch cold or drown when they get into the water. And even with the mother it is better not to let the young to water in hot weather, when the risk of infection with parasites increases.
- Observe the density of landing. If too many goals are put together, then there is a roll-up, there is a loss of weight.
Growing chicks on slaughter
After weaning from a female, intensive fattening of young livestock begins. Feeding the young includes dry granules( for broiler type or other varieties), vitamins. The chicks are given welded and finely chopped eggs. In this food gradually added grain crops. For 4 days offer chopped cooked meat waste, 10 - boiled potatoes.
Food is diverse, which is especially important in winter. In the diet include a source of vegetable protein - legumes( peas, vika).Proposed and animal protein - meat-bone, fish meal, dairy products( cheese). At balanced feeding induettes gain up to two months to 2-2.4 kilograms.
The choice of time for slaughter of young animals is associated with the growth of chicks and the change of feathers. After the light on the body, the duckling covers the fluff, which is then replaced by fine peeling feathers. Up to 45 days of life the fever rises and juvenile molt begins. During this period, the young are slaughtered, so that it was easy to scubbably then.
Induction Dilatation is a promising activity. With unpretentious and low maintenance costs, this breed is characterized by high performance.